Small’ Large’ Giant Dog Breed Comparison

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How to find the right breed is challenging. You can search the dog breed guides. Many people try a commercial breed selector, but that can be an iffy option because some of the best breeds, but lesser known, aren’t even in their data bases.

You can browse through related detailed books trying to find answers to your essential questions like which breed is the best family dog breed for your kids and family. Here you will find complete with pictures and profile info guides of most recognized AKC and CKC recognized breeds.

You can browse lists of similar size breeds, or other sized dogs, from tiny dogs to the giant breeds. You can read articles about health problems in the breeds, if any. In the case of the purebred dogs, and because they are purebred registered dogs, you can search for conformation details.

It’s easy to examine the history behind each breed. It’s easy to review predictable breed temperaments, and traits such as playfulness and activity levels. You can review the breed’s typical attitude towards strangers. Do they make good watchdogs? Are they a good choice for protection? How trainable are they? You will discover if the breed is aggressive or friendly with other canines and other animals.

There are physical considerations too, such as how big do they get?

Is it right for you? How much do they shed? Are they hypoallergenic?

How much grooming is required? How much exercise does the dog require?

There are answers about what kind of climate the breed is comfortable in. A lot depends on the type of coat the dog has. Is this breed good in hot climates and/or cold ones? A crucial question is about their life expectancy.

We suggest you begin your search for a great family dog, by considering the size of breed you want. Your environment will play an import role in that decision. If you live in the country with unlimited space, just about any size breed is an option. If however you live in a small apartment or condo, a smaller size dog, a Toy dog, or no dog at all for the present time, might be the best choice.

Editors’ Picks Dog Breed Products

Small Sized Dog Breeds:

Very dainty with fragile bones, while others are small in height perhaps, but very robust. If people have children, then choosing from this group of canines gets complex. Since puppies are delicate, they generally are not a good mix for a family with very young rambunctious children.

Bones are easily broken while playing especially unsupervised, in the presence of puppies. Ball chasing for example is dangerous because of sudden under foot accidents. In addition, little children while playing, often hit or poke things at puppies. They don’t realize they might cause hurt or pain.

Small puppies can become frightened by such rough play, and can become snappy while trying to protect themselves. If the children are older and more controlled however, choosing a puppy from the Toy group could be a perfect option.

People without children, and older retired people, like to choose from the small breeds group because they are easier to handle and control while walking on lead. They are also lighter and more easily picked up. Another consideration is that they cost less to feed. See the small dogs, to find a great family dog for you.

The Medium Sized Breeds:

These breeds vary in height from over 15 inches (38cm) to about 22 inches (56cm), give or take a bit. Some dogs, shorter in height, but solid in build, and weighing a lot, may be classified as a medium size dog.

All are popular family pets, rather robust, friendly and active. Most are dogs good with children, while others, are best suited for adults only. A lot depends on a dogs stability, its temperament and especially on how the dog is raised with children right from the puppy stage.

A very young child needs to be supervised when with a young puppy. Most dog breed pages will discuss temperaments, good ones or wrong, and traits, and you can see the dog pictures with puppy pictures too. Just because a breed page says that these are dogs good with children is no guarantee that it is so. A prudent buyer must confirm the facts.

List of Small & Medium Sized Dog Breeds:

Many of these are the cute cuddly lap dogs that are so popular. All of them make great pets. Some are excellent with children, while others, because of delicate fine bones, are best suited for adults only. Learn about the variety of traits and needs of a Toy breed, and see lots of small breed pictures, puppy pictures too.

They are all listed alphabetically.

A Sturdy Little “Terrier Type”

Affenpinscher Dog

Breed History:

Originally from Germany, maybe as early as the 15th century, a small dog breed, whose ancestry is unknown, was used for ratting in stables and stores. A translation of the
name means “Monkey Terrier” which depicts more its fun loving behavior, than its whiskered mischievous appearance. It is thought by many that the Affenpinscher played a big roll in the initial development of several dog breeds including the Brussels Griffon and the Miniature Schnauzer.

The Affenpinscher dog is compact and sturdy of medium bone and should not be delicate. He is game and alert, very inquisitive, loyal and affectionate with his master and friends. A smaller abode will do for this toy breed of dog and a normal exercise period of three or four times a day is probably enough. Although generally quiet, he can be ablaze with excitement if threatened or attacked and is without fear toward any assailant. They make great watchdogs.

Height: 9 – 11½ in. (22.8 – 27.9 cm) at withers.
Ideal Height: 10¼ in. (26.0 cm).
Weight: 7 – 9 lb. (3.2 – 4.1 kg).
Playfulness: Very high.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 14 years.

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American Cocker Spaniel “Smallest Sporting Dog”

American Cocker Spaniel

Breed History:

American Cocker Spaniel The Cocker Spaniel, often referred to as the Cocker, derives its name from its proficiency in flushing woodcocks, a game bird. It is the smallest sporting dog. Its background is the same as the English Cocker Spaniel which was brought to America, from Brittain, in the late 1800s.

An 1880 import, “Obo” by name, was a great success in the show ring and is given credit by many, as being the foundation sire of the American Cocker Spaniel. Some argue that English Cockers were crossed with smaller toy spaniels of the same genealogical stock. The American Spaniel Club was soon founded in 1883.

For many years the American Cocker and English Cocker were considered two varieties of the same breed, being freely interbred. The differences were becoming more obvious until finally both were classified as separate breeds in 1946. Interbreeding was then prohibited.

As the black Cocker Spaniel seem unbeatable in the ring, Cocker Spaniel breeders successfully applied for permission to have the breed represented in the Sporting Group by three different colors: Black, Parti colored and the ASCOB (Any Solid Color Other than Black including those with tan points)

The American Cocker Spaniel has a sturdy compact body and a cleanly chiseled refined head, with the overall dog in complete balance and of the ideal size. It is capable of considerable speed and endurance. Most important, the American Cocker Spaniel must be free and merry, sound, well balanced throughout, and show a love of working. It must be even-tempered with no suggestion of timidity. The American Cocker Spaniel adapts to any abode and lifestyle, city or country. A Cocker Spaniel puppy raised with children will thrive, tending to bond with the whole family. A Cocker Spaniel puppy benefits from some early formal training.

Male: 14½ – 15½ in. (36.8 – 39.4 cm).
Female: 13½ – 14½ in. (34.3 – 36.8 cm).
Trainability: High.
Protection: Low – Too friendly.
Watchdog: Very good.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 15 years.

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American Eskimo Dog

American Eskimo Dog

Breed History:

The American Eskimo Dog, nicknamed the “Eskie” is most likely descended from several of the spitz dogs of Europe such as the German Spitz and Italian Spitz, the white Keeshond and white Pomeranian, and after World War II, perhaps the Japanese Spitz
too. German immigrants, during the 1800s, brought small white spitz type dogs with them to America. These dogs were generally known as the American Spitz. In 1917 the breed was named the American Eskimo Dog, after a kennel of that era.

The Eskie, all three sizes, is an alert, friendly dog, very intelligent, and highly trainable. They should never be shy nor aggressive. As family dogs, they are excellent watchdogs. They usually bond to all family members, and are considered good with children. They enjoy moderate outdoor exercise, about 4 times a day. They need a daily brushing to minimize their rather heavy shedding. American Eskimo Dog puppies are fast learners,
so training is quite an easy matter and fun.

Toy Size: 9 in. (22.8 cm) to 12 in. (30.5 cm) at withers.
Miniature Size: >12 in. (30.5 cm) to 15 in. (38.1 cm).
Standard Size: >15 in. (38.1 cm) to 19 in. (48.3 cm).
Life Expectancy: 12 – 14 years.

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The Australian Terrier “A Small, Sturdy Working Terrier”

The Australian Terrier

Breed History:

The Australian Terrier was created in Australia over many decades, and many outcrossings. A female puppy from a mating of rough coated terriers was taken to
England by its emigrating owners in the early 1800s. There, it was mated to the forerunner of the Dandie Dinmont. Some of these offspring were returned to Australia by a settler and then, the experimenting started.

Being so far removed from other countries, the dog breeders crossbred to whatever dogs they had available, such as the Skye Terrier, and conceivably, an early Irish Terrier, the old Black and Tan Terrier and the Yorkie. The result of all this breeding, was a lively small dog of a typical terrier temperament, a good ratter and watchdog.

Soon, they were breeding true to type, and made their debut at a dog show held in Melbourne in 1872. In 1896, the first Australian Terrier club was formed in that city and a breed standard was drafted. Exports to Britain and to the United States soon followed. Finally, 30 years later, the breed was recognized by the Kennel Club (England). It was admitted to the AKC in 1960.

This small but sturdy terrier with prick ears, sports a silky topknot, a harsh-textured outer coat, a distinctive ruff and apron. They are sound, spirited, very alert, courageous,
and self confident. As a family companion, they are friendly, very good with children and excellent watchdogs. Small accommodation is suitable, exercise needs modest, and
since they shed a little, grooming once a week.

Height at withers: 10 – 11 in. (25.4 – 27.9 cm)
Weight: 12 – 14 lb. (5.5 – 6.4 kg).
Watchdog: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 14 years.

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Beagle “the smallest, sometimes called Pocket Beagles”

beagle dog

Breed History:

Breed History: Whether the breed got its name from the Celtic word “beag” meaning small, or from the French word “begle” is debatable. The first literary mention came in approximately the 14th century. Smallest of the scenthounds, it resembles a foxhound in miniature, and is a product of Britain. Beagles come in various sizes small enough even, to be carried in a hunter’s coat pocket, hence the expression “pocket Beagle.” It has always been a keen hunting dog and was frequently hunted in packs, the hunters following sometimes on horseback, but usually on foot.

As game diminished, the breed was used more on rabbits as it currently is, in North America. The Kennel Club first recognized the breed in 1873. In 1888 the National Club was formed in the US, followed by a club in Britain in 1890. In Canada and the US, field trials have become a very popular sport, the hare and the cottontail being the breed’s chief quarry.

Variety: 13 in. (33 cm) max at withers.
Variety: 15 in. (38 cm) max at withers.
Weight: 18-30 lbs. (8.2-13.6 kg).
Affection: Very high.
With Children: Excellent.
With other pets and dogs: Excellent
Grooming: Low. Occasional brushing.
Watchdog: Very good.
Protection: Not Good – It’s too Friendly
Life Expectancy: 12 – 15 years.

Additional Information:

Because of its friendly amenable temperament, the breed has become very popular family pet. On this continent, it is shown in two varieties, under 13 inches (33 cm) and under 15 inches (38 cm). In the US, both variety winners compete at the Group level whereas in Canada, only the best of breed competes there. In Britain, 16 inches (41 cm) is maximum, and so the British have bought many “measured out” top specimens from North America, and have taken them back to their homeland, where they have improved the overall quality of the breed.
This small hound is a loving and genial dog breed needing fellowship of either other dogs, or its human family. It is an excellent choice for those with children, tolerating endless play and indignities. It bonds to the whole family and they are good with other pets. Being totally non-aggressive, they rank low in protection. They need daily exercise like a good walk and since it is at heart, a hunting dog, an escape-proof backyard, high fence and no holes, is prudent to control the ever present wanderlust, hunting instincts. Grooming needs are minimal. Brushing should be done once a week, minimum. Perhaps this breed is just what your family needs. See the breeders section for Beagle puppies for sale, or check out the rescue links for a mature adult dog in need of a home.

Finding Other Breeders:

Want information on this small dog breed, and Beagle breeders who might have Beagle puppies for sale? See the breeders section. If there are no nearby Beagle breeders, see Canadian Beagle hound dog club, Beagle rescue dogs or the US club, Beagle rescue dogs to get advice about other nearby Beagle breeders with puppies.

Health Issues:

The Beagle remains free of major health concerns. The biggest problem is obesity. It has an insatiable appetite and therefore its diet needs tight control. There are some minor concerns, such as glaucoma, epilepsy, cherry eye and chondrodysplasia. Occasionally seen are deafness, cataracts, hemophilia and umbilical hernia. Always discuss these potential

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The Bichon Frise “an Animated Powder Puff”

Bichon Frise Dog

Breed History:

The ancestors of the Bichon Frise were carried around the Mediterranean area for centuries by Phoenician sailors. They ended up in many countries including the island of Teneriffe, the largest of the Canary Islands. The breed is one of four varieties, the Bichon Maltaise, Bichon Bolognese, Bichon Havanese and Bichon Teneriffe. All are thought to have descended from the Barbet or Water Spaniel.

In the fourteenth century some were taken to the mainland where they found favor with the aristocracy. Four hundred years later, abandoned by royalty, they were on the streets earning their living in circuses, as an organ grinder’s dog and adopted by the common people. Following WW1 four French breeders got involved with the breed in the 1930’s and controlled breeding programs.

A Bichon Frise breed standard was drafted in 1933. The French Kennel Club admitted them in 1934. The name was shortened from Bichon à poil frisé which meant curly coat, to Bichon Frise. The AKC admitted it to the Miscellaneous Class in 1971 and then to the Non-Sporting Class, The CKC recognized them in 1975.

Height: 9½ – 11½ in. (24 – 29 cm), at withers.
Weight: 7 – 12 lb. (3.2 – 5.5 kg).
Watchdog: Very good.
Trainability: Very good.
Other Name: Teneriffe dog.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 15 years.

The Bichon Frise is a small dog breed, sturdy, lively, with an air of dignity and intelligence. His coat is white with shadings of cream or apricot permissible in the ears and/or body. It has a cheerful attitude, friendly, outgoing, and an affectionate nature which has made it a favorite companion and family dog.

Bichon Frises don’t shed a lot, but because it is white, needs daily grooming. A Bichon dog is an active small dog, needing daily exercise. It bonds to the entire family and is good with children. A Bichon puppy will do well with obedience training.

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Border Terrier “A Working Terrier”

Border Terrier

Breed History:

The Border Terrier’s head is distinctive, “like that of an otter.” He is very alert, active and agile, and capable of squeezing through narrow apertures. They are sturdy, natural looking dogs of medium bone, rather narrow in the shoulder, body and quarter. He sports a somewhat broken though close-fitting and intensely wiry jacket.

This breed’s temperament ideally exemplifies that of a terrier. He is good tempered, affectionate, obedient, and easily trained. In the field, he is as hard as nails, “game
as they come” and driving in attack. As a companion dog, for the whole family, Border Terriers excel.

Being small, a modest size living quarters will suffice. He sheds only a bit, so grooming once a week is enough. Border Terriers bond to the whole family, and are considered excellent with children. They are also excellent watchdogs. Some obedience training would be a good idea for your young Border Terrier puppy.

Dog: 13 – 15.5 lb. (5.9 – 7.0 kg).
Bitch: 11.5 – 14 lb. (5.2 – 6.4 kg).
Height: 10 – 11 in. (25.4 – 27.9 cm).
Watchdog: Very good.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 15 years.

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Boston Terrier puppies “a friendly small dog breed”

Boston Terrier

Breed History:

Breed History: In the 1860s, in the United States, dog fighting was made illegal. This drove the wicked cruelty underground, where it still lurks to this day, in parts of the country. The breed, later to be named the Boston Terrier was originally bred as a pit fighter, an activity that was very popular in the Boston area in the mid 19th century. They were bred down from English Bulldog – English terrier crosses bred to similar crosses. Following the ban on dog fighting however, the breed nearly disappeared forevermore.

Except for the actions of a group of about 30 men, living in the Boston area, the breed most certainly would have vanished. By 1889, these fanciers founded the American Bull Terrier Club, and they exhibited the dogs as Round Heads or Bull Terriers. They were met with a lot of opposition from Bull Terrier and Bulldog fanciers and even by the AKC which found the name unacceptable.

The breed name was therefore changed to its present name, Boston Terrier. The AKC recognized the breed in 1893, an incredibly short time after its founding. The breed is one of a few that was developed solely in the United States, in the Boston area. To this day, it is sometimes called the Boston Bull dog, or Toy Bulldog, but wrongly so, those names being disliked intensely, by Boston Terrier fanciers.

At first, color and markings were not all that important, but by the early 1900s the breed’s singular markings had become a fundamental breed characteristic. By 1929-1935 it was the most popular breed in America. Despite this, overall breed quality has been maintained. It was first registered in Canada in 1888-1889.

Three Weight Sizes:
Under 15 lb. (6.8 kg);
15 lb. and under 20 lb. (6.8 – 9.1 kg);
20 lb. and not to exceed 25lb. (9.1 – 11.4 kg).
Height: 15 – 17 in. (38 – 43 cm).
Living Space: Small apartment.
Activity Level: Moderately active.
Daily Exercise: 15 minutes, 3 times per day.
Playfulness: Quite playful.
Affection Level: Quite affectionate.
Shedding: Sheds a little.
Grooming: Once per week.
Towards other pets: Very good.
Towards other dogs: Quite Good.
With children: Excellent.
Bonding: Bonds to entire family.
Trainability: Good.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Protection: Low.
Function: Companion.
Other Names: Boston Bulldog (Not liked!)
Life Expectancy: 10 – 14 years.


The Boston Terrier is a very attractive smooth coated dog, bright and fine in texture. It is short headed, with a flat skull, free from wrinkles. It is a small dog breed, but comes in three weight sizes as follows: Under 15 pounds (6.8 kg), 15 lbs. and under 20 lbs. (6.8 kg to 9.1 kg), 20 lbs. not to exceed 25 lbs. (9.1 to 11.4 kg). The leg length must balance the body length to give the dog a square appearance.

The dog must have sufficient bone and muscle to as to look neither spindly or coarse. Females have a slight refinement to their conformation. The ears may be cropped or uncropped. The color and markings are very important and detailed and so, we refer you to the AKC breed standard for the details. The breed retains many of the characteristics of its Bulldog family relatives. Its short fine coat and distinguishing markings adds to its debonair appearance.


This breed is a lively one, that requires daily exercise and lots of interaction with the family. It is very playful, so games are good! It enjoys a romp around in the yard or a moderate walk on a leash. It must live indoors, and be an integral part of the family. With its short coat, it cannot tolerate extreme cold weather.

Extreme heat is also seldom tolerated well. Grooming is quite easy as it only sheds a little, and requires but occasional brushing, to remove dead hairs. Some Boston Terriers, like English Bulldogs, wheeze and snore.


The Boston Terrier is a friendly and lively dog with an excellent disposition. It gets along extremely well with children and it bonds to the whole family, always aware of and sensitive to the owners desires and moods. It make an excellent companion and a good choice for a family with young children. They can be somewhat obstinate, but is nevertheless clever and quick to learn. They are excellent watchdogs. Some bark a lot, so leaving it outdoors too long, is not neighborly. Some do not like strange same-sex dogs, and may be aggressive. They are often aloof with strangers.

Finding Other Breeders:

Want information on this small dog breed the Boston Terrier dog and breeders who have Boston Terrier puppies for sale? See the Boston Terrier breeders. If there are no nearby breeders, see the Canadian dog Club, Boston Terrier rescue, or the American dog Club, Boston Terrier rescue for information on other Boston Terrier breeders.

Health Issues:

Major Concerns: No major health concerns.

Minor Concerns: Minor concerns include: patellar luxation. Stenotic nares, Elongated soft palate, Allergies.

Occasionally seen:

Deafness, Seizures, Cataracts,

Suggested Tests:

hips, knees and eyes.

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Cardigan Welsh Corgi “Another Gift from the Fairies”

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Breed History:

Folklore says that the two Corgi breeds were gifts from the fairies. This fanciful description may be just as plausible as some of the many other explanations, as to the origin of both breeds. Questions, being more plentiful than answers, might it have been the ubiquitous Viking invaders in the 9th century who introduced their Swedish Vallhunds to local farm dogs? Or, was it the ancient Celtic people who brought the dogs to the highlands of Wales more than 3,000 years ago? The name “Corgi” Etymologists say, comes from Welsh, “cor” meaning dwarf, and “gi” meaning dog.

Interbreeding was common between the two varieties of Corgis until 1934, when the Kennel Club (England) classified the two as being separate breeds and breed standards.

These good looking Corgi dogs are small, but are very powerfully built, with big bones, and they are capable of surprising speed and endurance. Cardigan Welsh Corgis are
even tempered dogs, very loyal, affectionate and excellent with children. A Cardigan Welsh Corgi puppy is very intelligent and trainable. They tend to bond to the whole family. Being rather active, they need exercise several times a day.
Regular grooming helps control the shedding.

Height: 10½ – 12½ in. (27-32 cm) at withers.
Dog: 30-38 lbs. (13.6-17.3 kg) ideally.
Bitch: 25-34 lbs. (11.4-15.5 kg) ideally.
Protection: Good.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 12 years.

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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Breed History:

This small sporting spaniel was once a favorite breed of the king of England, Charles II (1630 – 1685). He doted on them, and other pleasures, to the point where he was often criticized for neglecting the affairs of the country. Following the king’s death, John Churchill, a distinguished general and the first Duke of Marlborough, became the leading supporter of the breed, and especially his favorite color, the red and white, which became known as the Blenheim, named after his manor house on his estate.

The breed lost favor however, when William of Orange succeeded to the throne of England. Much later, during the 19th century, the Victorian period, many dog styles changed towards shorter forefaces and smaller dogs. Hence, the earlier longer foreface style of dog, which Van Dyck and many other great artists of the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries had painted, all but disappeared.

In 1926, an American, Roswell Eldridge by name, went to England searching in vain for those longer forefaced dogs, depicted by the great artists. He offered large cash prizes at the prestigious Crufts Dog Show, for the male and female dogs most closely matching that original King Charles Spaniel. There were enough English Toy Spaniel breeders who were in agreement with Eldridge and also wanted a return to the traditional appearance. The genes were already there, lying dormant. By selective breeding, for only 18 years, they succeeded in restoring the longer forefaced specimen and subsequently, the Kennel Club admitted the breed Cavalier King Charles Spaniel to its registry.

Dog & Bitch: 12 – 13 inches (30.5 – 33 cm).
Weight: 13 – 18 lb. (28.6 – 39.6 kg).
Exercise Needs: Moderate.
Trainability: Very Good.
Watchdog: Average.
Affection level: Very High.
Playfullness: Very Playful.
Other Dogs & Pets: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 9 – 14 years.

These toy spaniels are very popular and easy to keep. They make excellent family companions. They are friendly, gentle, playful, willing to please and very affectionate, and are well suited for smaller quarters. They are excellent with children. They are non-aggressive towards strange dogs and very friendly with other pets. They are moderately active and so, enjoy a good daily walk. Brushing its coat once in a while is sufficient.

If you decide to add a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel puppy to your family, look for a reputable Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breeder who tests the breeding stock for genetic health problems and offers a written health guarantee for all puppies. Since they are clever and tractable, puppy training is a good idea. It is important to remember that it is a spaniel and therefore inclined to explore and chase.

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Chihuahua “long coat and smooth coat varieties, small dogs”


Breed History:

The name of the breed is pronounced Chih-wah-wa. The Chihuahua is the world’s smallest dog. This breed was named for the state of Chihuahua, in Mexico. The origin of the breed however, is disputed. One theory; has historians claiming it was created in Egypt, 3,000 years ago. They have mummified remains, with similar skulls, for backing their theories. If that is the case, then the breed may have been brought to Mexico, by Spanish traders, coming from Mediterranean countries, at the time of the Spanish Conquest (1519). Another theory was, historians stated, that the Chinese, who were renowned for dwarfing animals, created the breed.

According to this theory, it was again, the early Spanish traders, who brought them to the New World. The dogs were then crossed with small native breeds. Another theory contends, that the breed was created entirely by the Toltecs of ancient Mexico, from the native Techichi dog. It was a small dog, but not tiny.

Later, after the Aztecs conquered the Toltecs, the Aztecs used these dogs, but only the red dogs, in religious sacrifice ceremonies. The blue varieties were considered sacred.

Following the Spanish Conquest era, the breed was totally ignored for several centuries, and almost became extinct. American tourists, in 1850, returned with specimens, but attracted little notice. They were first exhibited in the classes, in shows, in 1890. The first AKC registration was in 1904. The Chihuahua was first registered in Canada in 1928.

People took notice decades later, when a popular entertainer, Xavier Cugat, “the Rhumba king”, appeared everywhere, on stage, with his tiny teacup Chihuahua usually in his pocket. Today, this tiny canine is one of the most popular breeds in North America.

Note, serious fanciers of the breed however, never refer to tiny specimens as “Teacup Chihuahuas”. Puppymill breeders however, use that popular term to obtain higher, unwarranted prices for their puppies.

Chihuahua Appearance:

The breed is a graceful, alert, swift-moving, with a saucy expression, possessing a terrier-like attitude. It is compact with a well rounded “apple dome” skull. The eyes are full, set well apart, luminous, dark or ruby. The ears are large, held erect, when alert, and flare to the sides.

The muzzle is moderately short and slightly pointed. The body is well balanced, slightly longer than high. The bite should be level or scissors. There are two varieties, the Smooth Coats, and the Long Coats. Any color, either solid, marked or splashed is permissible.

The long hair Chihuahua, was perhaps developed entirely in America, by crossing the smooth coat variety, to the Pomeranian, the Papillon, and maybe others. See the breed standard for a more detailed description.

The Taco Bell Dog The specimen, known as the Taco bell dog is, according to the breed standard, very wrong with respect to its head. Instead of having an “apple dome” the Taco Bell dog is what is known as, a “deer head Chihuahua”.

Devout breeders breed away from such narrow skulls, but there are a lot of people who like the appearance of the Taco Bell dog, and so less scrupulous Chihuahua breeders are deliberately breeding these deer head Chihuahuas, to make money from the sale, to unsuspecting people.

Chihuahua Temperament & Care:

With an intense devotion to a single person, the saucy, perky Chihuahua has earned its place as one of the most popular dogs in North America. Most of them, but not all, seem to get along better with adults. They can get along quite well with other dogs, but some people think the dogs prefer their own breed. They will tolerate other pets. It is very reserved with strangers.

Some try to be protective, but are not very successful. Some can be bold, while others are timid. They can be temperamental. Some may bark.
The Long Coat variety is well protected from the cold and enjoys a good walk. The Smooth Coat variety however, enjoys a good walk with its owner too, but doesn’t like the cold.

Grooming the long hair Chihuahua requires periodic brushing, the other coat is minimal care. Adult Chihuahuas, and especially Chihuahua puppies have tiny fragile bones, so playing with rambunctious children, unsupervised, is unwise.

Wanting this breed? Please consider a Chihuahua rescue adoption. There are many adorable little dogs who, through no fault of their own, have lost their homes. Take a moment or two, to check the menu!

Finding Other Breeders:

Want information on this small dog breed, the Chihuahua dog, and breeders who have Long hair, or Short hair Chihuahua puppies for sale? See the Chihuahua breeders. If there are no nearby Chihuahua breeders, see the Canadian Chihuahua breed club, Chihuahua rescue. Try also the US Chihuahua breed club, or the US Chihuahua rescue.

Chihuahua Health Issues:

Major concerns: There are no major issues with this breed.

Minor concerns: Pulmonic Stenosis, (It is a congenital heart disease of certain breeds, including the Chihuahua.); Hydrocephalus, (Due to some disease process that blocks normal drainage of the CSF (cerebrospinal fluid), the brain swells causing various problems.

It is seen most often in brachycephalic dogs, (dogs with a shortened head) and toy breeds.); Patellar Luxation, (the knee joint slips out.); KCS, ( keratoconjunctivitis sicca, or dry eye.); Hypoglycemia, (It is a condition that occurs when the level of glucose in the blood, is abnormally low.)

Occasionally seen:


Suggested Tests:

Cardiac and knee.

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Chinese Crested Dog “Hairless and Powderpuffs”

Chinese Crested Dog

Breed History:

Although the origin of the Chinese Crested dog is thought to have been Africa, it is known that the ancient Mandarins of China liked their elegance, and kept them as pets, from where they gained their name. Chinese Crested dogs were often traded by the Chinese in the many eastern ports of Africa and Asia long ago. At sometime they made their way to Central and South America and to the West Indies where they have been known for centuries.

The hairless variety has hair on the skull called a crest and hair on the back of the neck, the hair on its tail is called a plume. The hair on its lower legs are referred to as socks. The skin is soft and smooth and care must be taken so that it doesn’t get sunburned. The coated variety or the Powderpuff, as he is called, has a full jacket.

This gay and alert little dog is friendly and likes children, but is reserved with strangers. It is moderately active and enjoys daily walks. They are clean and odorless dogs. The coated variety sheds a bit and tends to mat, so a brushing once a day should help this. Both the Chinese Crested hairless and the Chinese Crested Powderpuff, or coated variety can be born in the same litter. Elegant and graceful, a frisky Chinese Crested puppy makes a loving companion, very playful and entertaining for the whole family. Like most young puppies, they need lots of early socialization to avoid shyness. A breed book for
additional care and information is urged.

Ideal size is 11 – 13 in. (28 – 33 cm).
Slightly larger or smaller is all right too.
Weight: 5 – 12 lb. (2.3 – 5.5 kg).
Good with other pets: Excellent.
Watchdog: Very good.
Life Expectancy: 13 – 15 years.

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Breed History:

The name “Dachshund” comes from German (dachs) badger (hund) dog but in Germany, its country of origin, the breed is known as the “Teckel.” Early German documents from the 16th century refer to predecessors of the breed, as a little “earth dog”, “badger digger.” Often hunted in packs, they were bred for hunting ferocious badgers (in Europe) and would follow them right into their underground burrows, drag them out and kill them. The original Dachshunds were smooth coated. The Longhaired variety came later, followed by the Wirehaired type near the end of the 18th century.

The first Teckel stud book was created in Germany in 1890 and it referred to Smooth, Longhaired and Wirehaired breed varieties. The working ability of the breed is paramount and thus its size and structure are chiefly functional. Mini varieties came later.

Miniature type: 11 lbs. (5 kg) & under.
Height Mini: 5 – 6 in. (12.7 – 15.2 cm) at withers.
Standard type: over 11 lbs. (usually 16 – 32 lbs.).
Height: 8 – 9 in. (20.3 – 22.9 cm) at withers.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Other Name: Teckel, Wiener dog.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 14 years.

Additional Information:

The breed is very clever, lively and courageous even to the point of rashness, definitely not shy. They make fun-loving active pets whose daily physical and mental exercise needs, while not excessive, should never be neglected.

Puppies or adult dogs on an unrestricted diets, and not enough exercise will become fat. Their long backs are prone to disc problems, known as the Dachshund back problem, thus overweight dogs are at risk. They are happy in the country where they can hunt, but adapt well to urban life.

They are often vocal. Leaving them unattended outdoors is not neighborly. A Dachshund puppy is trainable, becoming a lovable, loyal family member, an exceptional watchdog. There are many people who lovingly refer to this breed as the “wiener dog”. The name is so popular that there are annual racing events known as wiener dog races. They are fun for man and dog and well attended.

In the United States, these dogs are bred and shown in two sizes, Standard and Miniature. The Miniature is not a separate classification but competes in a class division for “11 lb. and under at 12 months of age, and older.” With the three different coats, they are considered to be three varieties. In Canada and Britain, the Standard Miniature types are considered two separate varieties. The three different coat types, make six different varieties.

Finding Other Breeders:

If this small dog breed interests you, and you want more information on breeders, who have Dachshund puppies for sale, see the Dachshund breeders section. If there are no breeders in your area, see the Canadian breed club, Dachshund rescue. See also,the American club, rescue for advice on other nearby Dachshund breeders.

Health Issues:

The same health problems apply to all varieties. The long back is a major health problem which can lead to intervertebral disk disease. Overweight dogs are very prone to this problem, so keeping the Dachshund dog fit and slim, will alleviate this. Minor concerns are canine dry eye (KCS). Occasional problems are diabetes, patellar luxation,gastric torsion and Cushing’s disease. Dapples are more likely to have eye and hearing problems. This is genetic.

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Dandie Dinmont Terrier “A Small, Fearless Delightful Terrier”

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

Breed History:

The Dandie Dinmont is one of the oldest British terrier breeds originating in the Northumberland region, during the 1700s.

Exact details of its ancestors are not known, but it is thought that the local native terriers were used, and some believe that the Otterhound may also have been introduced.
They had local names like the Pepper or Mustard terrier. In 1814, Sir Walter Scott wrote a novel, “Guy Mannering” in which these dogs were featured.

They were bred by a farmer named Dandie Dinmont. The name became attached to the little dogs. In 1875, some fanciers got together and formed a breed club.

The Dandie Dinmont was aptly described by Sir Walter Scott as a “big little dog.” It differs from most terriers in that, instead of straight lines and angles, it is comprised of
gentle curves and graceful arches. It comes in two colors, pepper and mustard, but with many different shadings, the intermediate shades being the preferred ones.

Dandie Dinmont Terriers are intelligent, determined, reserved with strangers and dignified. Many still have working instincts and the true terrier temperament. They
are ready to take on all vermin. They are a very loving and affectionate breed and prefer human companionships. They are very good with children.

A smaller quarters is suitable, with daily exercise needs being about three walks each day. They shed a little bit, requiring some grooming about three times per week. Stripping is best for the coat. The topknot should be shampooed, brushed and combed from time to time to maintain its eye catching distinctive appearance. This breed makes a delightful friendly family pet.

Height: 8 – 11 ins. (20 – 28 cm) at shoulder.
Weight: 18 – 24 lbs. (8.2 – 10.9 kg)
Watchdog: Verry good.
Life Expectancy: 11 – 13 years.

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French Bulldog, “Bat Ears” – His Trademark

French Bulldog

Breed History:

During the industrial revolution and the mechanization of the textile factories of the mid 1800s, many English lace workers, having lost their employment, emigrated to France in hopes of finding jobs and pursuing their trades. They took with them their beloved toy English Bulldogs which weighed less than 25 pounds, and which were popular household pets in those regions. These dogs had the typical, preferred, “rose ear” of the English Bulldog, but when crossed to other breeds, some offspring had erect, bat ears, despised by true English Bulldog fanciers. French woman in particular, however, liked these little bulldogs with the upright ears.

By the late 1800s, these little bulldogs had become the rage of the French upper class where they were known as the Bouledogue Français. About this same era, American tourists took a fancy to this little bulldog and brought some to the United States whereupon sensing their popularity, breeders began to breed them seriously.

Although controversial, as to which ear type was correct, it was the American fanciers who are credited with fixing the bat ears which has become the trademark of the breed. It took some time before the breed name was Anglicized. A group of admirers consequently formed the French Bulldog Club of America in 1897.

Height: 11 – 13 in. (27.9 – 33 cm).
Weight: Not more than 28 lb. (12.7 kg).
Other Pets: Very good.
Watchdog: Good.
Trainability: Challenging.
Watchdog: Good.
Function: Companion.
Other Name: Bouldogue Francais.
Life Expectancy: 9 – 11 years.

Although a small dog breed, the French Bulldog is built very sturdy, muscular and with big bones – weight not to exceed 28 pounds. They are intelligent, affectionate, sweet-tempered, always wanting to please and wanting to cuddle and snooze with its favorite person. Some of their playful, endearing, entertaining antics are clownish.

They are not inclined to bark a lot, and yet, “Frenchies”, their affectionate sobriquet, are considered to be excellent watchdogs. They shed a little, but once a week grooming is usually enough. It should be noted that although fun-loving, a Frenchie only needs minimal exercise , a daily outdoors romp is sufficient.

It should also be noted that like most bulldog breeds, they tend to snore. A French Bulldog puppy should be well socialized and encouraged to associate and mingle with all of the family members as they do have a tendency to bond to one person. Apartment size living space is sufficient.

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Italian Greyhound “A Sweet Disposition”

Italian Greyhound

Breed History:

The Italian Greyhound is the smallest of the family of gazehounds (dogs that hunt by sight). It is believed to have originated more than 2000 years ago in the Mediterranean basin somewhere, perhaps, Greece, Turkey or Egypt. It was often favored by royalty.

Teeming with affection, Italian Greyhounds thrive and are happiest when this affection is returned. They are greatly sensitive, alert, intelligent, playful far beyond
puppyhood and very adaptable to most households, friendly towards children and other pets.

Its odorless, short, satiny, soft coat sheds little and only needs grooming once a week. An Italian Greyhound is a classy looking companion. For your family, consider an Italian Greyhound puppy, but be sure your children are well discplined because they are a small dog breed with delicate bones.

Size: 13 – 15 in. (33 – 38 cm) at withers.
Weight: 7 – 14 lb. (3.2 – 6.4 kg).
Affection: Very affectionate.
With Other Pets: Very good.
Watchdog: Good.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 15 years.

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Japanese Chin “Still Known In Some Countries As The Japanese Spaniel”

Japanese Chin Spaniel

Breed History:

In Japan, its native land, this breed is known as the Japanese Chin. “Inu” is dog, but “Chin” is royalty, and the ancestors of these dogs, are said to have come from the
Chinese emperor, to the Japanese Mikado, as tribute gifts, about 500 B.C.E. There, additional breeding to perhaps the Pug and others, produced this small dog breed.

Some dogs were given to foreign dignitaries, including Commodore Perry in 1853. Perry then presented a pair to HRM Queen Victoria. By 1879, at English shows, they were
being entered as Japanese Pugs.

In the US, the first dog was AKC registered in 1888 , as the Japanese Spaniel. Finally,
the breed name was officially changed to Japanese Chin in 1977. In many countries, however, including Canada, it retains its former name, Japanese Spaniel.

These small friendly and affectionate companions are alert, spirited and are naturally clean. Being sensitive dogs, they have definite likes and dislikes and rarely forget a
friend, or foe. A smaller home and average exercise, 3 times a day will suffice. They shed a little so grooming is easy and once a week is enough. They are good with children, but
tend to bond to one person. For their diminutive size, they are very good as watchdogs.

Ideal Size: 8 – 11 in. (20 – 28 cm) at withers.
Affection: Very affectionate.
Other Pets and Dogs: Very good.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 14 years.

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Lowchen Dogs – Affable by Nature

Lowchen Dogs

Breed History:

The plural of Löwchen is the same word, no “s” and it is pronounced “Lerv-chun”. Germany, Russia and France have all laid claim to the Lowchen. The name literally translates from German as Little Lion. It is written with or without the umlaut mark. The origins of the Lowchen are, like most breeds over 400 year old, rather obscure, but it is recognized as a member of a group of dogs known as the Bichons which contains such breeds as the Bichon Frisé the Maltese, Bolognese and the Havanese.

From common roots, each has developed into a distinct separate breed. The Lowchen nearly became extinct in the 1960s and at one time was described in the Guinness Book of Records as the rarest of purebred dogs which is doubtful. Thanks to the great efforts of two English Toy dog breeders, Mrs. Stenning and Mrs.

Banks specimens were imported from Germany to Britain and were then very closely inbred several times, resulting in a narrow genetic base. In spite of this, the Lowchen breed remains remarkably free from major hereditary problems, but Patella luxation is seen occasionally, although it’s considered to be rare.

Dog: 8.8 – 17.6 lbs. (4 – 8 kg) (FCI)
Height: 10 – 12.9 in. (25 – 32 cm) (FCI)
Height: 10 – 13 in. (25 – 33 cm) at withers (UK & CAN)
Height: 12 – 14 in. (30.5 – 35.5 cm) at withers (USA)
Exercise Requirements: Low
Grooming: Regular brushing to prevent matting
Other dogs and pets: Very good
Ease of training: Good
Function: Family companion
Watchdog: Very good
Other Name: Little Lion Dog
Life Expectancy: 12 – 14 years.

The Lowchen is a naturally very happy, inquisitive, affectionate and outgoing small dog breed, intelligent and highly trainable, responsive to commands. Although quite energetic they do not require a lot of exercise. Decidedly, they are indoor dogs, not for outdoor or kennel living. It moves effortlessly with good reach and drive and it holds its head and tail proudly.

As for height, there is quite a variation with the European standard FCI, allowing 8-14 inches 20-36 cm. while in Britain and Canada it is 10-13 inches 25-33 cm. and in the US it is 12-14 inches or 30-36 cm. All colors of coats and color combinations are equally acceptable.

In the untrimmed state, the coat is long and moderately soft in texture and with a slight to moderate wavy appearance. The coat is trimmed in the traditional Lion trim, best described in the breed standard. The Lowchen gets along well with children and other animals including dogs and is a good choice as a family pet.

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Maltese “A friendly small dog breed”


Breed History:

The Maltese dog appears to be as old as ancient history, perhaps originating on the island of Malta. It is thought to be the oldest of all the European toy breeds. Grecian, Egyptian and Roman art objects adorned with Maltese picture images, and predating Christ, and dating back 3,000 years, have survived to this day.

Ancient Phoenician seamen took them everywhere throughout the Mediterranean world, using them to barter for goods. It was left behind at many places along the trade routes. The breed was well established on the island of Malta long before the Roman occupation. Catullus, a well known and admired Roman poet of that era, wrote, in very flattering terms, of the little dog, “Issa” who belonged to Publius, the Roman governor of Malta, in the first century.

In England, whether the breed arrived by returning crusaders, or much earlier, with the invading Romans, it was quite well known at the time of Elizabeth I (1558 – 1603). The breed was very popular with women. The smaller the specimens were, so much the better, so that they could be carried everywhere. In the 17th and 18th centuries, further miniaturization of the breed nearly brought disaster.

Crosses to other toy breeds were done, to restore vigor. The breed was first shown in England in 1862. It made its first appearance at an American show, at the Westminster Kennel Club inaugural show in 1877. It was listed as a Maltese Lion Dog, or was it a Maltese Skye Terrier? Different reference books muddle the clarity.

Sometimes the breed was referred to as the Maltese Terrier, but this is erroneous. It is a spaniel, not a terrier. The first Maltese registered in Canada was recorded in the Canadian Kennel Club Stud Book for the years 1901 – 1902.

Height: 9 – 10 in. (23 – 25 cm) at withers.
Weight: Under 7, preferably 4 – 6 lbs. (1.8 – 2.7 kg).
Daily Exercise: 15 minutes, 3 times per day.
Living Space: Small apartment.
Playfulness: Very high.
Affection Level: Quite affectionate.
Shedding: Sheds a little.
Grooming: Once every day or two.
Trainability: Average.
Towards other dogs: Quite good.
Towards other pets: Quite good.
Towards strangers: Rather aloof.
Bonding: Bonds to one person.
With children: Not good.
Watchdog: Excellent
Protection: Very low.
Function: Companion.
Other Name: Bichon Maltiase
Life Expectancy: 12 – 14 years.


The Maltese is a toy dog, a vigorous well-balanced dog, covered from head to foot with a mantle of long silky white straight coat hanging evenly down each side. He is gentle mannered and affectionate, eager and obviously ready for action, giving the appearance of an eager satisfactory companion.


The Maltese does not require a lot of exercise. A romp in the yard, or a moderate walk on lead is sufficient. It is perfectly happy in a small abode. The Maltese is not an outdoor dog despite the long coat. The long white, silky, single coat hangs almost to the ground. It attracts dirt and sheds a little, and therefore needs daily brushing. Keeping the coat clean and white can be difficult in some areas, especially around the eyes, which can be prone with some Maltese, to reddish staining. This staining can be rectified with some specialized tear staining treatments. Read the article. Since the coat is such an essential trait of this breed, clipping the coat should be out of the question.


The Maltese dog is bright, loving, gentle mannered one moment, then very energetic, playful the next, which makes it so endearing. It usually bonds to one person. A Maltese puppy although generally healthy and robust, should be discouraged from jumping off high objects like sofas, and from rambunctious play where developing hind leg knees can be over stressed. Patella luxation can be a problem either from heredity or trauma. A Maltese puppy profits from early training.

Finding Other Breeders:

Do you want information on this small dog breed, the Maltese dog? Are you looking for Maltese breeders with Maltese puppies for sale, or an adult Maltese dog for sale? See the Maltese breeders section. If there are no nearby Maltese dog breeders, see the Canadian Maltese club, or Maltese rescue organizations, or the American Maltese club, Maltese rescue for the whereabouts of other Maltese breeders.
Health Issues: Major Concerns: No major health concerns.

Minor Concerns:

Minor concerns include: patellar luxation; Open fontanel; Hypogylcemia; Hydrocephalus; Distichiasis; Entopion; Dental problems; Hypothyroidism; Portacaval shunt.

Occasionally seen:

Deafness, Shaker syndrome.

Suggested Tests:

knees, eyes and thyroid.

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Miniature Bull Terrier “Good Humor, Playful and Fun Loving”

Miniature Bull Terrier

Breed History:

The Miniature Bull Terrier dates back to the mid 1800s.
Its ancestors were the English Bulldog and the White English
Terrier which is now extinct. Historians suggest that breeds,
such as Spanish Pointers and the Black and Tan Terrier were
also included. Sizes varied considerably, from toy dog size, to
the present day full sized Bull Terriers. In 1939, the Kennel
Club (England), created a separate registry for Miniature Bull
Terriers, imposing a height restriction of 14 inches and so the
Mini Bull Terrier breed was actualized.

The breed standard is virtually the same as for the standard Bull Terrier except for the size limitations. In 1963, in the United States, the
breed became eligible for showing in the miscellaneous
classes and was recognized for registration in 1991.

Miniature Bull Terriers, like their larger cousins, are
very playful and humorous, always ready for fun. Although
they are noticeably smaller, they must be sturdy dogs with lots
of substance and have the appearance of being square and their
weight should be proportional to their height.

They are content to dwell in a smaller house or apartment, but being quite active, should be exercised about four times a day. They are ready and
willing in an instant, to accept all the exercise outings you can
give them. They are equally glad to assume the role of a couch

Grooming needs are about once a week. Puppy training
and socialization is important for Miniature Bull Terriers
because, as they mature, they might want to dominate.
Minis are very good with children, good watchdogs,
and overall, excellent family pets.

Height: 10 – 14 ins. (25.4 – 36 cm).
Weight: In proportion to height.
Weight: About 25 – 33 lb. (11.4 – 15 kg).
Watchdog: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 11 – 14 years.

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Miniature Pinscher dog “Min Pin, Brains and Beauty”

Miniature Pinscher dog

Breed History:

The Miniature Pinscher dog or Min Pin was developed in Germany from small German Pinschers crossed to Italian Greyhounds and Smooth Dachshunds. From the three, it inherits its traits, and qualities. Pinscher means terrier. It’s no wonder it is frisky, feisty and with prey instincts, courageous like a Dachshund, playful and nimble with its charming high-stepping “hackney” gait verifying Italian Greyhound genes. It became a distinct breed in the early 1800s, known as the “Reh Pinscher” after a small Rhineland deer which, it was said, it resembled.

This breed development predates the Doberman Pinscher by about 100 years, and therefore cannot be considered a miniature Doberman Pinscher. The Min pin was a very popular show dog in Germany before WWI, but its numbers declined severely afterwards. Fortunately, many had been exported to other countries of Europe and to North America, where it flourished, gaining AKC recognition in 1929, and by the CKC in 1937-38.

Height: 10 – 12½ in. (25.4 – 31.7 cm).
Preferred: 11 – 11½ in. (27.9 – 29.2 cm).
Weight: 8 – 10 lbs. (3.6 – 4.5 kg).
Watchdog: Excellent.
Names: Reh Pinscher; Zwergpinscher.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 14 years.

The Miniature Pinscher is a hardy, intelligent, fun loving, small dog breed with high self esteem, one good reason it does well at shows. Some claim it is the most energetic of all breeds. The Min pin is terrier like, not caring for other pets or dogs, and will chase small animals. Reserved with strangers, it makes an excellent watchdog, keener than a dog twice its size, but inclined to be rather noisy.

A Miniature Pinscher puppy makes a good pet for older, responsible children who understand that toy breeds have delicate bones, easily broken. Playing ball in a backyard with an adult Miniature Pinscher or a Miniature Pinscher puppy is a sure way to break bones. The close, slick coat of the Minpin requires scant grooming.

It is always neat and clean, ready for business. Although its activity level is high, daily exercise needs are minimal. The Min Pin appears fragile, but in fact, it’s a sturdy dog, rugged for his size. The erect ears are usually cropped, but may be natural. A Min Pin puppy needs early, persistent housebreaking, especially the males.

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Miniature Poodle

Miniature Poodle

Breed History:

The Mini Poodle history is basically the same as the Toy and Standard varieties. They are descendants of continental water dogs known in Europe, particularly in Germany and Russia, dating back to the 1500s. Similar dogs also existed and played their part, as in France, known as the “Caniche” or “chien canard” a reflection of its duck hunting ability. Germany is credited with naming the breed, “Pfudel” akin to puddle or splash, and they graded sizes into “kleine” meaning small, “mittlere” for medium, and “grosse” denoting large. The Mini was popular with the French aristocracy, becoming the national dog of France. Even today, one frequently hears the name French Poodle. The traditional trim was not for esthetic purposes originally, but for practical reasons. Leaving the hair long protected the heart and chest from cold water. Clipping the legs decreased drag while swimming. It was the French who added pompons and fancy ribbons which are seen in the performance and conformation show rings today. Interest in the smaller size, the Mini increased gradually, and eventually separate classification was recognized by the Kennel Club (UK) in 1910. By 1960, Poodles were the most popular breed in America and still rank very high today.

Height:  15 in. (38 cm) or under, at withers.
Weight:  12-18 lbs. (5.5-8.2 kg).
Watchdog:  Excellent
Energy:   Quite high.
Affection:  Very affectionate.
Shedding:  A little.
Playfulness:  Very playful.
Watchdog:  Excellent.
Protection:  No. Too friendly.
Friendliness with other dogs:  Quite friendly.
Friendliness with strangers:  Initially Reserved.
Bonding:  Usually bonds to one person.
With Children:  Excellent.
Trainability:  Very High.
Grooming:  Once a day.
Other Names:  Caniche, French Poodle.
Life Expectancy:  13 – 15 years.

Poodle Appearance:

The Poodle is a square proportioned dog with an elegant appearance and proud carriage. Poodle puppies come in many colors, preferably solid colors, such as whites, blacks, reds, blues, grays, silvers, browns, cafe-au-laits, apricots and creams. The coat of a parti-colored, or Parti Poodle, is not, according to the breed standard, which requires an even solid color at the skin. The Parti is of two or more colors. This is considered a major fault! Poodles come in three sizes, and many colors, but are considered one breed. The Standard variety, is the largest of the three. As for grooming, its low dander, almost non-shedding coat, needs frequent brushing to prevent matting. The various clips are a matter of taste for the average owner, but if exhibited at dog shows, the clipping rules are explicit, and must be strictly adhered to, as per the Breed Standard. Most family dogs are given the traditional puppy clip. It’s a practical trim, and very good looking.

Poodle Information:

Although the Poodle requires some daily grooming, brushing to keep the coat from matting, it actually sheds very little. It is considered a hypoallergenic dog breed. If you suffer from allergies, like asthma, this might be the perfect breed for you. Check it out by visiting a breeder for a self test, a breeder who only has Poodles on the premises, so as to get non-corrupted test results. Do you want more information on this Variety of Poodle? It’s a small mid-sized breed, perfect for many families with children, or senior folks. For Mini Poodle breeders, who have Miniature Poodle puppies for sale, see the breeders section. If there are no Miniature Poodle breeders nearby, see the Canadian Poodle breed club. See also the Canadian Poodle rescue. The American Poodle breed club or Poodle rescue contacts might have other breeder information.


The Miniature Poodle is one of the cleverest, and easiest dogs to train. He is alert, lively, responsive to commands, smart and obedient, and most eager to please. Some may bark a lot. Some may be initially reserved with strangers. They are good with other pets, dogs, and small children. He makes a superb companion, enjoying the pampered life. He is an excellent watchdog when needed. A Miniature Poodle puppy is highly trainable. Shyness or sharpness is considered a major fault.

Miniature Poodle Health Issues:

The major health problems are: PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy), Patellar luxation (knee joint slips apart), Legg-Perthes (blood supply damage to the head of the femur), Epilepsy (a chronic condition characterized by recurrent seizures). Minor concerns are Trichiasis (eyelash abnormalities), Entropion (the eyelid rolls inward – eyelashes scratch and cause pain), Lachrimal duct atresia (tear duct problems), Cataracts (same as in humans). Occasional problems are urinary stones – can’t urinate – (get immediate vet attention!), Intervertebral disk degeneration (back degenerative problems).

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The Teddy Bear of Terriers is The Norfolk Terrier Dog

Norfolk Terrier Dog

Breed History:

Remember that the Norfolk’s ears, “F” for fold while the Norwich’s ears are prick like a “W”. They are now two distinct breeds both derived from the Irish Terrier, bred to other small terriers possibly the Border and the Cairn. Not much wonder they are such nice pets.

The Norfolk Terrier is game, hardy, fearless, loyal and very charming and is one of the smallest of the working terriers. He makes a very good watchdog.

His coat is harsh, wiry and quite weather-resistant, and comes in colors of red, wheaten, black and tan or grizzly. The coat should be stripped, but considering the size of the dog, this is an easy task.

Height: 9 – 10 in. (22.8 – 25 cm).
Weight: 11 – 12 lb. (5 – 5.5 kg).
Bitch tends to be smaller than the dog.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 13 – 15 years.

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The Norwich Terrier “Good Things, in Small Packages”

Norwich Terrier

Breed History:

In the mid-nineteenth century in England, it was a fad to create breeds of dogs suitable for a local area. Some breeders tried by crossing smaller Irish Terriers, perhaps Yorkshire Terriers and others, with tiny local terriers. It is thought that the Norwich Terrier, originated in East Anglia, England, from such experimentation. Early specimens were
red, black and tan, but were of a mixed type until about 1914, when a concerted effort was made to stabilize the breed. This was accomplished by 1923 and became known as the Norwich Terrier.

It was granted breed recognition by the Kennel Club in 1932. In 1964, in England, the drop-eared Norwich was recognized as a separate breed and was called the Norfolk
Terrier. The US followed suit in 1979.

A small dog, this prick eared breed is spirited, stocky, active and friendly. It is quite happy in a modest sized living quarters, and it needs exercise, three or four times per day.
They shed quite a bit, but grooming it shouldn’t take long. They like children a lot, bonding to the whole family. Happy and fearless, loyal and affectionate, the
Norwich Terrier is an ideal companion.

Height: Not greater than 10 in. (25.4 cm).
Weight: Approximately 12 lb. (5.5 kg).
Watchdog: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 13 – 15 years.

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The Papillon Dog “Breeding True for over 700 Years”

papillon dog
Breed History:
The Papillon (pronounced Pappy-yon) is a small dog breed of European origin. Portrait paintings by the Old Masters, show that the breed has bred true for more than 700 years. At one time it was thought to have originated in Spain or Italy, a descendant of the dwarf spaniel. More recent thinking however, is that it came from French and Belgian origins.The older and original variety of this breed, is the drop ear, known as the Phalène; which is the French word for moth, because it carried its ears in much the same manner as a moth folds its wings. The breed was very popular with the aristocracy of those days. Marie Antoinette (1755 – 1793) was an avid fan of the breed. It is written that she carried her dog with her to the guillotine.

The erect ear variety, the Papillon, is a development of more recent times. Papillon is the French word for butterfly which aptly describes how the well fringed ears, are carried on this newer variety. The how and why the ears evolved to this erect and obliquely positioned state is unknown. Another feature of the breed is its plumed tail, carried in a elegant sweep over the back and falling to either side.

The appearance of this tail gave it the name of chien écureuil, or squirrel dog, which is still heard in some circles today. At one time most Papillons were of solid color, whereas today they are always parti-colored or white with colored patches as stipulated in the breed standard. In 1923 the breed was exhibited in England under Foreign Dogs. It immediately caused a stir. A year later it was elevated to full breed status. It was officially recognized in the United States in 1935 and in Canada in 1953.

Dog & Bitch: 8 – 11 inches (20.3 – 28 cm).
Weight: 4 – 9 lb. (1.8 – 4 kg).
Exercise Needs: Moderate.
Trainability: Excellent.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Affection level: Very High.
Playfullness: Very Playful.
Other Dogs & Pets: Very Good.
Other Names: Epagneul Nain.
Phalène – also known as Continental Toy Spaniel.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 15 years.

Papillons are intelligent, hardy, affectionate and friendly little dogs, which can bear the cold winters equally well as the heat in summertime. They are good with children, but tend to bond to one person. They are usually non-aggressive towards other dogs and get along well with other pets.

They need to be brushed a couple of times each week. Exercise needs are not at all demanding, enjoying daily walks on a leash. They are very adaptable, being comfortable in spacious rural settings or even in small apartments. They are perhaps the most easily trained of the toy breeds, being very obedient and quick to respond.

They do well in obedience trials and other events, as well as in conformation shows. Although adult Papillons need no coddling, as puppies, their little bones are breakable, and so they should be prohibited from jumping off sofas and other heights. In spite of being a relatively healthy breed with no known major concerns, it is prudent to buy a Papillon puppy from a reputable breeder, one who tests their breeding stock for healthy knees, eyes and for vWD (von Willebrand’s disease – defective blood platelets).

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The Parson Russell Terrier “Animated Action and Adventure”

Parson Russell Terrier

Breed History:

The Parson Russell Terrier was developed in the mid to late
1800s in the south of England, by the Reverend John Russell
of Devonshire, who was an avid fox hunting enthusiast. Their
job was to trail the hounds and bolt the foxes from their dens if
they went to ground, and thus the hunt could continue. That is
how the dog got the name, Parson Jack Russell Terrier.

The breed comes in two coats, the smooth coat, or the broken
(rough) coat. The coat can be white, or white with black or tan
markings, or white with a combination of these. Both coats
are double, coarse, weatherproof and lying flat.

Parson Russells are bold and friendly, athletic and clever.
At work he is a game hunter, tenacious and courageous. At
home he is playful, exuberant and very affectionate. He is an
independent and energetic terrier, who thrives on action and
adventure and therefore requires lots of attention, otherwise,
his tendency to explore, wander, chase, bark, and dig at every
opportunity, gets him into trouble.

Overt aggression towards people or other dogs is a fault. Cats and rodents beware! He is an ideal companion for an active person with a good sense of
humor and a tolerance for a bit of mischievousness. Although
irresistibly cute, this irascible scamp is not for everyone! It
is advised that if a Parson Russell Terrier puppy will be
added to your family, that you get it some
formal obedience training.

Height: >12 <15 in. (>30.5 <38 cm).
Ideal Weight: 13 – 17 lb. (5.9 – 7.7 kg).
Energy Level: Very high.
Playfulness: Very playful.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 13 – 15 years.

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Pembroke Welsh Corgi “Another Gift from the Fairies”

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Breed History:

To the novice, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi resembles the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. Look closer, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi hasn’t got any tail, it – “broke” off. If you remember that, you won’t confuse the two Corgi breeds. Actually, it is either born with no tail, or it is docked short. To Welsh Corgi fanciers, of course, there are many other differences, including their origins.

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a much younger breed than the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. Prior to 1934, both the Pembroke Corgi and Cardigan Corgi were registered and shown in exhibitions as one breed. Interbreeding was allowed and certain characteristics of the one, were passed to the other. The importance of the Pembroke Corgi being born tailless diminished which led to the docking of tails of those born with one.

Many objections were raised until the Kennel Club, in 1931, banned the docking. The ban, however, only lasted three years. The subject remains a less sensitive subject today.

Height: From 10 – 12 in. (25 – 30 cm) at shoulder.
Dog Weight: 20 – 24 lb. (9 – 11 kg).
Bitch Weight: 18 – 22 lb. (8 – 10 kg).
Affection: Very Affectionate.
Other Pets: Very Good.
Protection: Good.
Function: Herding cattle, trials, companion.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 11 – 13 years.

A Pembroke Welsh Corgi is intelligent, and quite easily trained. Its temperament must be irreproachable. Its head is foxy in shape, but the expession is alert and intelligent, not sly. It is quite happy in a smaller house. It is moderately active, and so its exercise needs are short, about 15 minutes, 3 times a day.

Although it is a small dog breed, it thinks big, and many larger dogs soon learn to respect its immense bravery. They are never shy and are usually not quarrelsome. Its grooming needs are minimal most of the year, and generally once a week is quite sufficient. Seasonal shedding however, is rather heavy, lasting a couple of short weeks.

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is very fond of children and it usually bonds with the whole family. In addition, they are considered excellent watchdogs, thus making a Welsh Corgi puppy a very worthwhile and exciting addition to a family! Obedience training is a natural for a Welsh Corgi puppy and both owner and dog benefit immensely.

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Pomeranian puppies or Pom puppy “a small dog breed”

Pomeranian puppies

Breed History:

The Pomeranian dog is the smallest member of the Spitz dog family, or northern breeds. They all originated in the Arctic Circle, and gradually made their way southward. The Pomeranian dog itself, is descended from ancient sled dogs of the far northern European countries.

It is a true Spitz breed. It got its name from Pomerania, a region on the Baltic sea. It was once a part of Germany. The name was adopted only after it arrived in England. Early specimens weighed as much as thirty pounds, enormous by today’s standard.
In 1888, while on a trip to Florence, Queen Victoria noticed a Pom, and was taken with the dog. She brought the dog back to England with her. The subjects were well acquainted with their popular queen, her likes and dislikes. Ever since the Pom became a favorite with Queen Victoria, demand for the breed grew.
Queen Victoria preferred the smaller sizes of the day, in the 12 to 18 pound range. As a result of this royal favor, its popularity grew, and miniaturization continued still further. In 1870, the “Spitz Dog” was officially recognized by the Kennel Club (England). Classes were offered at the dog shows.
Early specimens were usually white, but in time blacks appeared, and later a wide range of colors. Before long, the Pomeranian dog was brought to North America. In 1900, the breed was granted official recognition in Canada, and the US. Pomeranian dogs are now shown in a wide variety of colors from red, orange, cream, sable, black, brown, and blue.
All patterns and variations are allowed and are to be judged equally. The size continued its downward trend until today. So too, the breed standard was revised with respect to size. The average weight of a Pom is now 3 to 7 pounds, with the ideal weight of show specimens being, 4 to 6 pounds. Although being over or under those size preferences is objectionable, quality is more important than size.
Weight:  3-7 lb. (1.4-3.2 kg).
Preferred Weight:  4-5 lb. (1.8-2.3 kg).
Unofficial Height:  8-11 in. (20.3-27.9 cm).
Energy Level:  High.
Affection:  Average.
Playfulness:  High.
With Other Dogs:  Not good.
With Other Pets:  Quite Good.
Shedding:  Moderate.
Trainability:  Low.
Function:  Companion.
With strangers:  Reserved.
With children:  Better with adults.
Bonding:  Bonds to one person.
Grooming:   At least twice a week.
Protection:  Not really.
Watchdog:  Excellent.
Life Expectancy:  12 – 16 years.

Pom Appearance:

The Pomeranian should be a compact, short coupled (short back) dog, well knit in frame. He should exhibit great intelligence in his expression, buoyant in deportment, and inquisitive by nature. He is cocky, commanding, and animated in his gait. He should have a soft dense undercoat, and an outer coat which is long, straight, glistening, and harsh in texture. A major fault would be a flat or open coat. All things being equal, preference is often for the whole-colored dog.


The Pomeranian is an extroverted, lively, and intelligent dog, Bouncy, bold and busy, he is a large personality, in a small frame. He is curious, playful, self-confident, even cocky, and ever ready for adventure. He can be independent up to a point. He is reserved towards strangers. He can be aggressive towards other dogs. He will try to protect his owners quite vigorously. When kept with other dogs, he can be extremely vocal. His small, but sturdy stature, makes him a great companion dog. He is also a very competitive show dog.

Finding other breeders of Pom puppies:

Do you want information on this small dog breed, the Pom dog? Do you want to find Pomeranian breeders, who have Pomeranian puppies for sale? See the Pomeranian breeders section. If there are no nearby Pom breeders, see the Canadian Pom club, Pomeranian rescue. See also, the American Pomeranian club, Pom rescue to find other Pom breeders.

Pomeranian Health Issues:

Pom Major concerns:   Patellar Luxation, (Graded 1 to 5 , with 5 being the worst. The knee cap slips out of its groove and doesn’t return. The condition often worsens with time, and cause much pain.)
Minor concerns:   Open fontanel, (In all newborn puppies, this open space, where the skull bones meet, is known as the fontanel (or fontanelle). It will usually close when the puppy is 4-6 weeks of age, or may close slowly over a three to six month period. Sometimes, the fontanel never closes, leaving a hole in the top of the skull. This is a genetic problem.); Hypoglycemia, (This is a condition that occurs when the level of glucose in the blood is abnormally low.); Shoulder luxation, (This is a dislocation of the shoulder joint); PRA, (It is a recessively, inherited disease. Progressive Retinal Atrophy is a deterioration of both retinas simultaneously, and which leads to blindness.); Entropion, (This is an eyelid problem, causing pain to the eyes.)
Occasionally seen:   Tracheal collapse, (The cartilage rings of the windpipe may be damaged, and don’t spring back to their full expanded “C-shape”, leaving the windpipe partially collapsed.) ; PDA, (This is the most commonly diagnosed congenital heart defect in dogs. It occurs in many breeds, and is seen more often in females. After a normal birth, the blood flow through the ductus arteriosus, decreases dramatically. Within a few days, the ductus closes off completely. If it doesn’t, then the degree that it affects the dog, depends upon the extent of the opening.)

Suggested Tests:

Knee, Eye, Cardiac.

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Pug puppies reliable breeders “A small dog breed”

Pug puppies

Breed History:

Some say that the Pug is an ancient breed breeding true to form since 400 BCE. Most agree that it originated in the Orient. The ancestors of the Pug dog could have been early Mastiffs, miniaturized over centuries in the Orient, kept by Tibetan monks and favored in Chinese royal courts. The more likely and accepted argument is that the breed, did indeed, originate in the Orient, and that it was a version of the long legged, smooth coated Pekingese.

Dutch traders brought them to Holland where they became the official dog of the Dutch House of Orange, after a Pug sounded the alarm of approaching Spanish soldiers at Hermingny thereby saving the life of Prince William in 1572. The Dutch called them “Mopshond” referring to small grumbling noises they make. They were called “Mops” in Germany“Carlin” in France.
In England, they were called the “Chinese Pug” or often the “Pug dog”. Pugs and Pekinese dogs were brought to England after the British sacked the Chinese Imperial Palace in 1860. Years later, Lady Brassey brought two black pug specimens back from the Orient to England, and began a breeding program to establish a line of blacks, the forerunners of the modern day blacks.
Black pugs were shown for the first time in England, in 1886. They were admitted to the AKC registry in 1885. A total of forty-five were registered by the Canadian Kennel Club in the years 1888 to 1889.
Weight:  14 – 18 lb. (6.4 – 8.2 kg).
Height:  10 – 11 in. (25.4 – 27.9 cm) Unofficial.
Function:  Companion.
Activity Level:  Moderately High.
Affection:  Very affectionate.
Playfulness:  Very playful.
Exercise Needs:  Moderate daily exercise.
Shedding:  Moderate.
Grooming:   Once a week.
With Other Dogs:  Quite good.
With Other Pets:  Quite good.
With strangers:  Somewhat tolerant.
With children:  Excellent.
Trainability:  Quite good.
Bonding:  Bonds to whole family.
Watchdog:  Excellent.
Protection:  No, too friendly.
Other Names:  Mops, Carlin, Chinese Pug dog.
Life Expectancy:  12 – 15 years.

Pug Appearance:

The Pug dog is described as being “multum in parvo” a concise Latin construction, loosely meaning, a lot of dog in a little package. It is a very apt name for this breed. The Pug is included in the Toy dog group. A Pug dog is compact, square and cobby, with well developed muscles. A lean, leggy Pug, and a dog with short legs, and long body, are equally objectionable.

The dog’s smooth, short, glossy, coat is always immaculate. The head of the Pug dog, is distinctively large, massive, and round. Its muzzle, or mask, is black. Its large, prominent, dark eyes gives its face a soft, solicitous and roguish expression, and it wiggles its way into the hearts of men, women, and especially children for whom it has a special affinity.
The ears are thin, small, soft, like black velvet. There are two kinds of ears, the “rose” and the “button”. Preference is give to the button ear. More details can be found at the breed standard – see the menu at left.

Temperament & Upkeep:

Pug dogs are adaptable, calm, even-tempered little dogs, extremely affectionate, charming, outgoing, and playful, making them excellent family pets for either the city or country. They can be stubborn and headstrong but usually they are anxious to please.

A Pug dog should be groomed once a week to control the shedding. Its daily exercise needs are minimal – 15 minutes 3 times a day. A good moderate walk on a leash is good. A Pug puppy makes a good sturdy household addition well suited for children.
The wrinkles need regular cleaning and drying to prevent skin infections. A Pug, like a Bulldog, wheezes and snores. It does not do well in heat and humidity and therefore should not be kept outdoors. There is lots of recommended Pug information available, on caring for, and training a Pug puppy. See the Pug breed books from the menu at left.

Finding other breeders:

Want more info on this small dog breed, the Pug dog, and Pug breeders who have Pug puppies for sale?   See the Pug dog breeders section. If there are no nearby Pug breeders, see the Canadian Pug dog club, Pug rescue, Pug dog rescue. See also the US Pug dog club, Pug dog rescue, to get advice on other Pug dog breeders in your area.

Pug Health Issues:

Pug major concerns:   Major concerns: Pug dog Encepthalitis; (Pug Dog Encephalitis is an inflammatory disease of the brain affecting Pug dogs of either sex.); CHD: (This is canine hip dysplasia.)
Minor concerns:   Elongated palate; (This condition is quite common I breeds with pushed in faces, like the Bulldog and Pug. The soft palate interferes with the dog’s breathing and makes him snort and have trouble swallowing. It gets worse with age. It is inherited.) Stenotic nares; (Pinched nostrils – making breathing more difficult.) Patellar luxation; (The knee cap slips out of place.) Legg-Perthes; (A disease of the hip joint that results in abnormal deformity of the ball of the hip joint This is a disease primarily seen in small breed dogs.
Entropion; (This is the turning inward of all or part of the eyelid) KCS; (This is a dry eyes problem) Skin infections; (Itchy irritated skin, often with yellowish pustules and dry crusted areas and loss of hair. Often caused by bacteria.) Hemivertebra; (his is a condition where there is abnormal bony development of one or more of the vertebrae)
Occasionally seen:   Distichaisis; (This is a disease wherein the eye has extra hairs or eyelashes which interfere with the eye.) Allergies; (Like people, dogs can suffer from allergies. ; Dog allergies fall into three main categories: flea allergic dermatitis, atopy, and food allergy.)

GSP Suggested Tests:

All breeding stock should be tested, prior to breeding, for the following:

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Schipperke Dog or “The Little Skipper”

Schipperke Dog

Breed History:

Schipperkes were regarded as dogs of the lower classes, a favorite with workers and shoemakers, and they were often used to guard the many canal barges which moved goods between Brussels and Antwerp.

Since his name derives from the Flemish word schip which means boat, and because of its popularity with bargemen, it is not surprising that it has developed so many nicknames, the “Little Boatman” or “Little Captain”, “Little Bargeman” and the ever popular “Little Skipper”.

The Schipperke is agile, active, and a hunter of vermin. It is a small dog breed, a great companion although it can be independent and headstrong. Its adventurous, active temperament means that it needs daily exercise, not a lot, but something that will challenge it both mentally and physically like a good game followed by a vigorous walk.

In appearance it is thickset, cobby, black and tailless, and with a fox-like face. In profile, the Schipperkes are square and possess a distinctive coat, which includes a standout ruff, cape and culottes, creating an unique silhouette.

It is curious, and interested in everything, an excellent faithful watchdog, reserved with strangers, confident and ever ready to protect its family and property, if necessary.

They require modest living space, but need lots of daily exercise. Grooming its double coat once a week, a good brushing, is enough. Maybe you should consider a Schipperke puppy for your family.

Male: 11 – 13 in. (27.9 – 33 cm).
Female: 10 -12 in. (25.4 – 30.5 cm).
Weight: 12 – 16 lb. (5.5 – 7.3 kg).
Protection: Very good.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 13 – 15 years.

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Scottish Terrier “Small in Stature – Big in Heart”

Scottish Terrier

Breed History:

The Scottie dog has been a working terrier from the highlands of Scotland for many centuries. It was his job to rout the vermin like the fox and the otter. His efficiency at this earned him high regard by the local gamekeepers.

A sturdy low-set, compact, well muscled terrier breed with a very keen, sharp and active expression gives the impression of immense power in a small size. His harsh wiry jacket comes in grey, brindle, black or wheaten. The coat should be stripped to maintain the best texture, but pets may be clipped, albeit the coat texture will soften.

Although scrappy with other dogs, like many breeds, the Scottie dog is very loyal, loving, playful and an excellent watchdog. He enjoys the outdoors, and a daily walk. Obedience training for a Scottish Terrier puppy
would be worthwhile. He is adaptable to almost any accommodation.

Dog: 10 in. (25.4 cm) – 19 – 22 lb. (8.6 – 10 kg).
Bitch: 10 in. (25.4 cm) – 18 – 21 lb. (8.1 – 9.5 kg).
Watchdog: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 11 – 13 years.

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Sealyham Terrier “A Hardy Working Terrier”

Sealyham Terrier

Breed History:

The Sealyham Terrier was originally created by a sportsman, by the name of Captain John Edwardes, on his estate known as Sealyham, in Haverfordwest, South Wales. The purpose was to produce a hardy working terrier, short on the leg, so that it could easily go to ground, but it had to
be very tough, and clever enough to dig out and dispatch the ferocious badger and wily fox. He succeeded!

Today’s Sealyhams are chiefly family pets, but they have retained their original working instincts. They are extroverted and very friendly. The Sealyham sports an all weather-resistant jacket, comprised of a hard, wiry top coat and a dense softer undercoat.

The coat is all white, or with lemon, tan, or badger markings, on head and ears. It does shed, but only a little. The coat should be hand stripped or plucked to maintain texture, and good looks. Sealyham Terriers are moderately active and enjoy a good walk. Sealyhams are very good watchdogs.

Height: About 10.5 in. (27 cm) at withers.
Dog Weight: 23 – 24 lb. (10.5 – 10.9 kg).
Bitch Weight: 18 – 22 lb. (8.2 – 10 kg).
Watchdog: Very good.
Life Expectancy: 11 – 13 years.

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Sheltie puppies

Sheltie shetland puppies

Breed History:

The Sheltie dog is named after the Shetland Islands which lie off the cold barren northeast coast of Scotland, from whence it originally came. The area was noted for its miniature livestock, sheep, cattle, ponies, and sheepdogs. The islands were once occupied by Norwegians and it is thought that the Sheltie might have descended from dogs of the Spitz family, similar to the Norwegian Buhund or perhaps the “Yakki,” a breed brought to the islands by whaling fleets from Iceland.

The breed is known to have been crossed to early herding dogs of Scotland and to several other local small breeds. The Sheltie was once known as the “Toonie”, a name derived from the Norwegian word “tun”, which means farm. The farm dog was the “Toonie”. Its job was to tend the small flocks of sheep and cattle and to keep them from wandering into the garden.
It did double duty as a babysitter. It was a well loved family pet. By the turn of the century, they were a rather nondescript lot, and it wasn’t until some cross breeding to small Collies that the appearance of the Shetland Sheepdog breed really advanced. The breed was given recognition by the Kennel club, England, in 1909.
The early breed name adopted, was the Shetland Collie. This name however, was objected to, by many of the Collie breeders of the day, and so the Kennel Club, in 1914, recognized the breed name, Shetland Sheepdog. The first Challenge Certificate was awarded to the breed, in 1915. The AKC registered the first Sheltie dog in 1911.
The American Shetland Sheepdog Association, the parent club, was organized at the Westminster Kennel Club show, in 1929. It held its first specialty show in 1933. The Canadian Kennel Club CKC, recognized the breed in 1930. In the United Sates and Canada, the breed standard calls for a slightly taller height than in Britain.
Height:   13 – 16 in. (33 – 41 cm) at withers.
Weight:   About 20 lb. (9.1 kg).
Activity Level:  Very high.
Exercise Needs:  Moderate daily exercise.
Playfulness:  Quite playful.
With Other Dogs:  Very good.
With Other Pets:  Very good.
With strangers:  Not very friendly.
Trainability:  Very high.
Shedding:  A lot.
Grooming:   Once a day.
Function: Herding sheep, trials & Companion.
With children:  Good.
Bonding:  Bonds to whole family.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Protection:  Low.
Life Expectancy:   12 – 14 + years.


The Shetland Sheepdog should be between 13 (33cm) and 16 inches (41cm) at the shoulder. Heights above or below are disqualifications. The coat should be double, with the outer coat consisting of long straight harsh hair. The undercoat is short and furry and so dense as to give the entire coat its “stand-off” quality. The hair on face, tips of ears and feet should be smooth. The mane and frill should be abundant and particularly impressive in males. The males must appear masculine and the bitches must appear feminine. Many an innocent observer mistakes these dogs for miniature Collie dogs, but they are not. They are a separate breed.


The Sheltie is a tireless worker and very attractive. It is the personality of the Shetland Sheepdog however, which endears it to man. The Sheltie dog lives to please. It is intensely loyal, affectionate, intelligent, a very quick learner, highly trainable and very obedient. Although inclined to be reserved with strangers, it must never be shy or timid. It must never be snappy, or ill tempered. A Shetland Sheepdog requires a lot of exercise, several times per day. They shed quite a lot, and so grooming once a day is recommended. A Sheltie puppy bonds with the whole family, and is excellent with children. An Instinct to protect personal property, and give watchdog warnings, are an extra bonus with this normally calm, obliging breed. Shetland Sheepdogs come in three colors, sable, black, and blue merle, with varying amounts of white and/or tan. A Shetland Sheepdog puppy is an excellent choice for an urban or rural family.

Finding other breeders:

Do you want more information on this small dog breed, the Sheltie dog, and Sheltie breeders who have Shetland Sheepdog puppies for sale?  See the Shetland Sheepdog breeders section. If there are no breeders nearby with available puppies, see the Canadian Sheltie dog club, Sheltie rescue, or Shetland Sheepdog rescue. See also the American Shetland Sheepdog club or American Sheltie rescue, for other Shetland sheepdog breeders with puppies.

Shetland Sheepdog Health Issues:

Sheltie major concerns:   Dermatomyositis (is a heritable inflammatory disease affecting skin and muscle in a breed at known increased risk. The cause of this disorder is unknown.)
Minor concerns:   CEA, (Collie Eye Anomaly. It is a recessively inherited eye disorder that causes abnormal development of the choroid – an important layer of tissue under the retina of the eye.).   PRA, (Progressive Retinal Atrophy is an inherited disease of the retina in dogs, in which the eyes are genetically programmed to go blind.).   Trichiasis; (This is a medical term for ingrown eyelashes. Hair grows in the wrong direction and interferes with the cornea or conjunctiva causing irritation.).   Cataracts; (same as in humans.).   CHD; (Canine hip dysplasia is characterized by a loose and unstable hip joint giving rise to arthritis lameness and pain.)   Hemophilia; (Hemophilia is a severe bleeding disorder caused by the absence of functional blood coagulation platelets. It is an excellent candidate for treatment of a genetic disease, by gene therapy.   Hyperthyroidism; (In hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland is underactive, and unable to secrete enough thyroid hormone. This, in turn, decreases your dog’s metabolism.).   Patellar luxation; (The knee cap slips out of place.).   Legg-Perthes; (A disease of the hip joint that results in abnormal deformity of the ball of the hip joint).   This is a disease primarily seen in small breed dogs.   Allergies: (Some inhalant allergies are seasonal. Dogs may be affected by inhaling grass pollen in spring and summer or ragweed pollen in late summer and early autumn. Sometime a dog can be allergic to food ingredients or flea bites.)
Occasionally seen:   Deafness.   PDA; (Patent Ductus Arteriosus is the most commonly diagnosed congenital heart defect in dogs.).   Epilepsy, (This is a serious condition characterized by recurrent seizures.).   vWD, (Von Willebrand’s disease is the most common inherited bleeding disorder of both man and animals. Blood platelets clot.).

Sheltie Suggested Tests:

All breeding stock should be tested, prior to breeding, for the following:
Eyes, hips, thyroid, DNA for vWD.

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Shih Tzu

The Shih Tzu dog

Breed History:

In the dog fancier’s world, Shih Tzu is pronounced “Sheed Zoo” and in Chinese it means “Lion Dog”. The ancestors of this perky breed descended from Tibetan temple dogs, and some were given to the Chinese centuries ago as tribute gifts, during the Tang Dynasty (618 to 907). They were carefully bred in the Imperial Palace of Peking, and drawings showed a likeness to the lion, an important Buddhist symbol.
It became known as the Chrysanthemum dog because its facial hair growing in all directions, resembled the flower petals. Much later, Shih Tzus became favorites of the royal family, during the Ming Dynasty (1368 to 1644). It lived the life of luxury as a palace dog. It was seldom seen outside the confines of the court. During the Chinese Revolution of 1911, the breed suffered immense losses when the palace was stormed.
Around 1920, an English general, Sir Douglas Brownrigg and his wife saw a Shih Tzu, and later brought the first pair back to England. Additional pairs were later imported. Fortunately, the breed became well established in Britain, before the Communists took over China. In the 1930s, breeding was taking place in Britain and Norway. In 1935, the Shih Tzu breed club of England was formed, and the breed was officially named, the Shih Tzu.
It was not elevated to championship status however, until 1949. About 1952, a breeder in Britain crossed it to the Pekinese. The resulting improvement to the coat and structure was immense, and was universally accepted. In North America, the Shih Tzu has enjoyed enormous success. It was first recognized by the AKC in 1969.
It was admitted to the Toy Group. In Canada however, it is in the Non-Sporting Group, and can be a somewhat larger dog (up to 11 inches, 28cm), as specified in the Canadian breed standard, which allows considerable variation.
Height Range:  8-11 in. (20-28 cm) maximums.
Ideal Height:  9-10½ in. (23-27 cm).
Dog Ideal Weight:  9-16 lb. (4-7 kg).
Function:  Companion.
Affection & Playfulness:  Very High
With Other Dogs & Pets:  Very Good.
Other Name:  Chrysanthemum dog, Imperial Shih Tzu.
Watchdog:  Good
Protection:  Not good.
Training:  Stubborn.
Grooming:  Brushing or combing Daily.
Life Expectancy:  11 – 14 years.

Shih Tzu Appearance:

This is a small dog breed, a toy dog. It is slightly longer than it is tall. It has a dense, long flowing double coat, in all colors. It can have variation in size, but must always be compact and solid, possessing weight and substance, soundness and structure. The dog has a distinctive arrogant appearance, with head held high, and tail curved over his back.

It walks proudly. It has a happy, outgoing, and affectionate temperament. It is a very friendly dog. It is excellent with young children. It has a strong affinity towards humans. Shih Tzu puppies bond to the whole family, making perfect companions. It should be noted that it is definitely an indoor dog. They should never be left outdoors, nor in a kennel.
Exercise and grooming needs are minimal. A daily walk is suffiicient. Regular coat brushing to eliminate tangles is important. It does not do well in hot humid weather, nor in extreme cold. Getting an informative breed book is prudent because it will give proper guidance for raising and training a puppy.


The sole purpose of the Shih Tzu is to be a companion dog, a house pet. It is very important therefore, that it be outgoing, happy, affectionate, friendly and trusting towards all. It satisfies all those conditions and more. It is very playful, full of spunk and in spite of being robust, it is extremely gentle, a vivacious companion. It is very trustworthy and forgiving to rough-housing children. It also makes a very loving and loyal pet for senior folks. It should be noted, that they can be stubborn.

Finding Other Breeders:

Want information on this friendly, toy dog breed, and on dog breeders who have Shih Tzu puppies for sale? See the Shih Tzu breeders section. If there are no nearby breeders with puppies, see the Canadian dog breed club, or Shih Tzu rescue links. See also the US breed club, and rescue links, for advice on the whereabouts of some other breeders.

Shih Tzu Health Issues:

Major concerns are:  It is known to suffer from kidney problems, (familial nephropathy), or renal dysplasia, which is also found in Tibetan Terriers, Tibetan Spaniels, Lhasa Apsos, and English Cocker Spaniels. This is a fatal disease, and is currently being investigated by several American Universities. Another major concern is CHD, (Canine Hip Dysplasia);

Minor concerns are:  Entropion, (the eyelid rolls inward, – eyelashes scratch and cause pain); Trichiasis, (eyelash abnormalities); PRA, (Progressive Retinal Atrophy); KCS, (dry eyes); Otitus externa, (Inflammation of the ear canal); Portalcaval shunt, (a congenital disorder of hepatic blood vessels); Inguinal hernia, (a congenital defect, which usually occurs in two sites, – the groin and navel.); Patellar luxation, (the knee joint slips apart);
Occasionally Seen:  Cataracts, (the same as with humans); and dental problems.
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Silky Terrier “Alert air of the Terrier”

Sidney Silky Terrier

Breed History:

The Silky Terrier, was developed in Australia about the turn of the last century (1900). To improve the coat of the Australian Terrier, large imported Yorkshire Terrier dogs were crossed with native Australian Terrier bitches. At one time he was known as the Sidney Silky Terrier and then finally as the Australian Silky Terrier. In the US, it came to be known as the Silky Terrier about 1955.

The Silky is a true “toy terrier”, a small dog breed, longer than tall, lightly built, but sturdy and swift enough to catch and dispatch domestic rodents. His coat is straight, single, glossy, silky in texture and quite long, but not floor length. The hair is parted on the head and down over the back to the
root of the tail. The coat is virtually non-shedding, but it has to be brushed regularly and bathed frequently to maintain its silky appearance. The Silky Terrier is very friendly with children, keenly alert and is an excellent watchdog. Why not a Silky Terrier puppy for you?

Other Names: Sidney Silky Terrier
Australian Silky Terrier.
Size: 9-10 in. (23-25 cm) at shoulder.
Weight: 8-10 lbs. (17.6-22 kg)
Life Expectancy: 11 – 14 years.

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Tibetan Spaniel The “Good Luck” Dog

Tibetan Spaniel

Breed History:

The Tibetan Spaniel, not really a Spaniel, is probably one of the oldest breeds, originating in Tibet. The Buddhist monks considered him to be good luck. They were bred in the monasteries, where they were used as companions, and watchdogs. Perched right on the top of the monastery walls their keen eyes could spot wolves and other dangers that threatened the flocks of sheep, dutifully sounding the alarm to the larger guard dogs.

A small dog breed, quick moving, active, joyful, highly intelligent dog, inclined to be aloof with strangers. They were extremely popular with the ladies of the Oriental and European Courts. They are a good choice for a family pet. Upkeep is rather easy. Their silky, moderately long coat requires minimal grooming. Exercise around the house is sufficient, but a daily walk is always appreciated.

Height: about 10 in. (25.4 cm) at the shoulder.
Weight: about 9-15 lb. (4-6.8 kg).
Watchdog: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 15 years.

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Manchester Terrier “Standard Size and Toy Size”

Manchester Terrier

Breed History:

The Manchester Terrier is a direct descendant of the old Black and Tan Terrier, which dates back roughly 400 years in Britain. Early Black and Tans were bred for rat killing, and rabbit control, not as show dogs. These rough
coated dogs were crossed out to various other breeds such as to the Whippet, Italian Greyhound, and the Dachshund. What has evolved is a longer legged, more graceful, short smooth coated black dog with clear distinctive mahogany markings, slighter in build, more agile and still capable of coursing rabbits and dispatching rats.

Manchester puppies are adorable, alert, intelligent, and soon become excellent companions and watchdogs with tidy habits. Shedding is average, grooming requirements are modest, once a week being enough. Manchesters are generally friendly with other dogs and not aggressive nor shy. They are keenly observant, devoted, but discerning. The correct ear styles for the Standard and the Toy are explained in the Breed Standard, below.

Buying a Manchester Terrier puppy requires some patience because they are quite rare, but worth the wait.

Standard: Over 12 lb. to 22 (5.5 – 10 kg).
Toy: Under 12 lb. (5.5 kg).
Height: 15 – 16 in. (38 – 40.6 cm).
Playfulness: Very playful.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Other Name: Black and Tan Terrier.
Life Expectancy: 15 – 16 years.

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Yorkshire Terrier

Small' Large' Giant Dog Breed Comparison

Breed History:

The background breeding of the Yorkshire Terrier dog, like many breeds is fuzzy. Developed in the western part of Yorkshire, England, it is speculated that the following terriers, Waterside, Clydesdale, Paisley, rough-coated Black and Tan, Dandie Dinmont and the Skye, all played a part in the creation.

Originally, the Yorkshire Terrier, or Yorkie Terrier as it is affectionately known, was bred to kill rats in the local coal pits and cotton mills in the mid 19th century. They were also used in rat-killing contests. In those days the breed weighed about 15 pounds. Since then, and after blood sports were banned in the mid 1850s, the breed was gradually downsized, perhaps in part, by covert crossing to the Maltese.

In 1861 it was shown at bench shows in England under the breed name, Broken-haired Scotch Terrier. Whether it got its official name in 1886 or 1870 is also uncertain. The wealthy fanciers of the day, did not look favorably upon the breed at first, because of its humble heritage, but gradually they accepted this undeniably beautiful dog.

Now, it has become the most popular of all the Toy Breeds in Britain, and is in great demand in Europe. By 1880, the Yorkie Terrier had arrived in America.

Height: 8-9 in. (20.3-22.8 cm) Undefined.
Weight: Not to exceed 7 lbs. (3 kg).
Function: Companion.
Grooming: Frequent. Combing once a day.
Exercise: About 15 min., 3 times per day.
Shedding: A little.
Trainability: Average.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Children: Can be a bit Iffy.
Life Expectancy: 14 – 16 years.

Yorkie Temperament

A small dog breed, the Yorkie dog is very spirited, keenly alert, definitely showing its terrier heritage. It is oblivious of its size, wherein lies some risk because of its audacious and adventurous spirit, often aggressive towards larger strange dogs or small animals. Yorkie puppies are intelligent, friendly and willing to please.

They can grow up to bark a lot which might be very annoying, or they can be taught to be quiet. The beautiful blue and tan coat, long, glossy and silky in texture is an important trademark. The hair, parted on the face from the base of the skull to the end of the tail, requires daily brushing. Its everyday exercise needs are minimal.
This breed is not very tolerant to extreme cold or heat. It is strictly an indoors dog. Yorkshire Terrier breeders recommend a breed book for tips on raising and caring for a Yorkshire Terrier puppy or an adult dog. Because the size of the breed, according to the breed standard, is not definitively stated, references to a Teacup Yorkshire Terrier or Teacup Yorkie, are frequently mentioned by breeders, but there is no mention of that term in the breed standard.

Additional Yorkshire Terrier Information

Want more info on this small dog breed, the Yorkie dog and Yorkie breeders who might have a Yorkshire Terrier puppy for sale, see the breeders section. If no nearby breeders, see the Canadian breed club, Yorkie rescue or the US club, Yorkshire Terrier rescue to get advice on other Yorkie breeders.

Health Issues

The Yorkshire Terrier has no major health concerns, but does have a few minor concerns such as: patellar luxation. Occasionally, the following concerns have been known to happen: portacaval shunt, PRA tracheal collapse, Legge-Perthes.

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The Large Dog Breeds:

The large dog breeds, consist of about 40 choices. They are mostly sporting breeds, larger hounds and many of the working breeds. Some of the herding breeds are also popular choices. Each breed has a wealth of detailed info to guide people in making the right selection for you family. Many of these choices are hunting dogs, bird dogs and scenting dogs.

The Giant Breeds:

There are about 20 breeds which are considered very large or giant dog breeds. The Great Danes and Irish Wolfhounds definitely would without question, fall into this category. A detailed search of these breeds will be pleasantly revealing and surprising to most people as to their suitability, a good choice or not, for a family with children.

List of Large & Giant Sized Dog Breeds:

Many of these are the cute cuddly lap dogs that are so popular. All of them make great pets. Some are excellent with children, while others, because of delicate fine bones, are best suited for adults only. Learn about the variety of traits and needs of a Toy breed, and see lots of small breed pictures, puppy pictures too.

They are all listed alphabetically.

The Afghan Dog “So Obviously, An Aristocrat”

Afghan Hound dog

Breed History:

The coat of the Afghan dog evolved as a result of very harsh climatic conditions of his mountainous native land, Afghanistan. There he was used for many different duties, including guarding, herding, and especially hunting small game with the nobility and their Falcons. Afghans, members of the sighthounds hunt by sight rather than by smell. The Afghan’s whole appearance is one of dignity and aloofness with no trace of plainness or coarseness.

Certainly, a show dog, but more, they are cherished by their owners as companions and family. With its highly individual personality and with its coat which requires regular care and grooming, the Afghan is not for all dog fanciers, but where the dog and owner combination is right, there is no animal which can equal the Afghan Hound as a family pet. Note: Afghans are sensitive to anesthesia.

Dogs: 27 in. +/- 1 in. (66 – 71 cm)
Weight: About 60 lb. (27.3kg).
Bitch: 25 in. +/- 1 in. (61 – 66 cm)
Weight: About 50 lb. (22.7kg).
Watchdog: Very good.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 14 years.

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Airedale Terrier dog “King of Terriers”

Airedale Terrier

Breed History:

The largest of the Terrier dogs, the Airedale Terrier is believed to have been a cross between the old rough coated Black and Tan Terrier and the Otterhound in the mid 1850s, resulting in a dog that could swim and scent game, and was possessed of a keenness of the terrier.

Both sexes should be sturdy, well-muscled and well-boned. Blessed with beauty and intelligence, the Airedale does well in the show ring and at obedience trials.

An Airedale dog is a loyal and faithful companion, playful with children, aloof with strangers, and ready to protect family and property if the need arises. It is his sweet disposition however, which has endeared him to so many owners and fanciers everywhere. An Airedale puppy is fun to train and it’s relatively easy.

Dog Height: about 23 in. (58 cm) at shoulder.
Bitch Height: Slightly less.
Playfulness: Very Playful.
Watchdog: Very good.
Protection: Very good.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 13 years.

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The Akita Dog “Named A National Treasure in his Native Country, Japan”

Akita Dog

Breed History:

The Akita breed, history dates back some 300 years, is primarily a working dog. It has been used for guard work, a guide for the blind, and a hunting companion. It is a strong web-footed swimmer, and also good at sled work.

There is a spiritual significance attached to this large, powerfully built dog. In Japan, Akitas are affectionately regarded as loyal companions and pets, protectors of the home and children and a symbol of good health. Akitas are alert, responsive, dignified and reserved, but courageous, friendly towards people but, like a lot of other breeds, often aggressive towards other dogs.

The Akita barks infrequently and then only as a warning signal. As with most dogs, an Akita puppy should be well socialized and obedience trained.

Height male: 25 – 28 in. (63.5 – 71 cm) at shoulder.
Height Female: 23 – 26 in (58.4 – 66 cm) at shoulder.
Protection: Very good.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Other names: Akita Inu; Japanese Akita.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 12 years.

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Alaskan Malamute “A Hardy Gentle Sled Dog”

Alaskan Malamute

Breed History:

Despite rumors to the contrary, this very sturdy, beautiful coated dog has adapted very well to the more temperate climates than those found in the Yukon and in Alaska. Today the Alaskan Malamute ranks very high in popularity in both Canada and the United States, not only as a stunning show dog, but as a cherished family pet.

Alaskan Malamutes are affectionate, friendly dogs who bond to the entire family. They are not a “one-man” dog. A Malamute dog generally is fond of people, and very good with children. They are loyal devoted companions, generally very dignified but, playful on invitation. A Malamute dog sheds a lot, so brushing three times per week is suggested. It’s a small price to pay for such a beauty! A Malamute puppy makes a great family pet.

Dog: 25 in. (63 cm) at shoulder.
Weight: 85 lb. (39 kg).
Bitch: 23 in. (58 cm) at shoulder.
Weight: 75 lb. (34 kg).
Affection Level: Very affectionate.
Watchdog: Good.
Protection: Good.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 12 years.

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Belgian Malinois “Trainable, Quick and Responsive”

Belgian Malinois

Breed History:

The Malinois, like the other three varieties, gets its name from the Belgian city where the variety was favored, namely Malines. He is distinctive from the other varieties by his short-haired fawn coat with his black mask. Early breeding emphasized working characteristics and the Belgian Malinois Shepherd consequently has become the favored sheep herding dog in its native land.

The Malinois is a Large dog breed, square, elegant in appearance, strong, agile, well muscled, alert and full of life. His intelligence, high degree of trainability, love of children and entire family, and his size, make the Belgian Malinois a very desirable companion. He sheds rather a lot, but with his short coat, grooming is easier. Owners are enjoying participating in lots of activities with these dogs like conformation, obedience, shutzhund, herding, sledding and tracking.

Dog: 24 – 26 in. (61 – 66 cm) at withers, and square.
Bitch: 22 – 24 in. (56 – 61 cm), and somewhat longer.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Protection: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 12 years.

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Belgian Shepherd Dog “A Dog of Many Talents”

Belgian Shepherd Dog

Breed History:

Throughout history the Belgian Shepherd Dog or Groenendael has earned its reputation as a truly well rounded dog. Its talents are many, a few of which are: obedience, tracking, schutzhund, herding, sledding, police work, search and rescue, guide dogs, and as therapy dogs, making them, not only good pets, but invaluable members of our society.

The Belgian Shepherd Dog is intelligent, courageous, alert, and devoted to its master. It is the protector of its master as well as his property. It is ever watchful, attentive and vigilant with all strangers, but not apprehensive, shy, or vicious. With those it knows well, it is most affectionate and friendly, zealous of their attention and very possessive. The Belgian Shepherd Dog has a very high degree of trainability. It sheds, and so should be groomed frequently. They are good with children, make excellent watchdogs and all
things considered, a nice companion dog to have.

Dog: 24 – 26 in. (61 – 66 cm) at withers.
Bitch: 22 – 24 in. (56 – 61 cm) at withers.
Weight: 60 – 65 lb. (27.3 – 29.5 kg).
Trainability: Very high.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Protection: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 12 years.

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Belgian Tervuren “Brains, Beauty and Elegance”

Belgian Tervuren

Breed History:

The Belgian Tervuren, like the other varieties, gets its name from the Belgian village where the variety was favored, namely Tervuren. Its type is a result of a tough environment and need of an intelligent, loyal and agile dog to not only guard the herds, but be a devoted and watchful companion family dog also. When the necessity for farm dogs diminished, the Belgian Tervuren dog had already established itself as a valuable family pet.

The talents of Belgian Tervurens are many, from herding, shutzhund, sledding, obedience, therapy, and of course conformation shows, where their confidence and beauty is much appreciated. The Tervuren needs lots of exercise and grooming. It is good with children and makes an excellent protective watchdog.

Dog: 24 – 26 in. (61 – 66 cm) at withers, and square.
Bitch: 22 – 24 in. (56 – 61 cm), and somewhat longer.
Trainability: Very high.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Protection: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 12 years.

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The Bloodhound “An easy going gentle dog”

The Bloodhound

Breed History:

The origin of the modern Bloodhound, the world’s most famous tracking dog, is shrouded in mystery as are many breeds. Its ancestors probably predate Christianity. Claudius Aelianus in his famous “Historia Animalium” of the third century A.D. described a scenting hound unrivaled for its great scenting ability and tracking determination. Its more immediate predecessor is thought to be the St. Hubert Hound, a black hound bred by St. Hubert, the patron saint of dogs in the 8th century A.D.

Contrary to some myths, the Bloodhound locates, but never attacks his quarry. It is one of the most gentle and docile of all the breeds. It is very affectionate, and intelligent, and is not quarrelsome with other dogs. Its nature is somewhat shy, and equally sensitive to kindness or correction by its master.

Ears and eyelids should be examined regularly and gently cleaned to prevent infection, otherwise it needs minimum care. This dignified large dog makes a very good companion and loyal family pet. Obedience training is a good start for a Bloodhound puppy.

Dog: 25 – 27 in. (64 – 69 cm).
Weight: 90 – 110 lb. (41 – 50 kg).
Bitch: 23 – 25 in. (58 – 64 cm).
Weight: 80 – 100 lb. (36 – 45 kg).
Affection: Very affectionate.
Watchdog: Very good.
Other Names: St. Hubert’s Hound
Life Expectancy: 7 – 10 years.

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Bouvier des Flandres, a serene and talented dog

Bouvier des Flandres a serene and talented dog

Breed History:

This rugged looking breed is believed to have originated in the Flanders area of Belgium and on neighboring northern French plains. It was often called Vuilbaard (dirty beard), or Koehond (cow dog), or Toucheur de Boeuf (cattle driver). These early Bouviers were not of uniform size, color or weight as there was no written standard which breeders could follow.

The breeders of that era were not organized an didn’t have any single type in mind. There were as many as four types. Most breeders in the early 1900s, were farmers, cattlemen, more interested in how the dogs behaved around cattle, and how well they drove cattle to market. For them, appearance wasn’t an issue.

The machine age had an adverse effect, as the arrival of trucks, replaced the need for Bouviers in getting cattle to market. Fortunately, there were quite a few breed fanciers who wanted to protect this fine working dog and they began to organize.

Bouviers first appeared at a dog show in May 1910, in Belgium. However, it took several years before expert breeders could agree on a single type, but finally in 1912 an official breed standard was created and the breed was listed in the stud book of the Societé Royal St. Hubert. Unfortunately, the First World War swept over Europe taking a terrible toll on the breed.

Some were used as ambulance dogs and messenger runners, many were killed. Countless were abandoned and thus starved to death. Thankfully, not all perished. A magnificent specimen, Ch. Nic de Sottegem was shown in Antwerp in 1920 and was highly praised by the judge, Charles Huge. It was a turning point for the breed and many Bouviers today, can trace their lines back to that dog.

In 1922, the standard was again refined to further define the type. The Bouvier des Flandres was recognized by the AKC in 1929 and was admitted to the AKC Stud Book in 1931.

Dog: 24.5 – 27.5 inches (62 – 70 cm).
Weight: 69 – 90 lb. (31.3 – 41 kg).
Bitch: 23.5 – 26.5 inches (60 – 67 cm).
Exercise Needs: High.
Trainability: Good.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Protection: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 12 years.

The Bouvier is a large dog breed with a tousled appearance, a large head with either cropped or natural ears, The body is square and robust. The tail is docked very short. The colors can range from fawn to black, including gray, brindle and salt and pepper.

In temperament, the Bouvier is a levelheaded, sound, indomitable, fearless dog, but not vicious or shy. It can be threatening and aggressive to other strange dogs. It is good with children when raised with them, and loves the company of people, making an excellent family pet.

It does best in the country with lots of space for its daily required exercise. The coat is about 2 ½ inches (6.4 cm) long and therefore needs routine combing and brushing weekly to control shedding. The coat is either clipped or stripped (for show).

A Bouvier puppy is very intelligent, but needs socialization and some formal obedience training. Like most large breeds, the Bouvier can suffer from hip dysplasia and therefore it is prudent to deal with reputable breeders who have all breeding stock tested clear for this problem for several generations.

With the avoidance of hip and elbow dysplasia in mind, it is also a good idea to raise Bouvier puppies on Large Breed types of puppy food which are designed to allow a proper, but slower rate of bone growth. For all adult Bouviers, rather than one large daily meal, two or three small meals is definitely preferred, followed by a complete rest period, without activity. This is to avoid gastric torsion, a life threatening problem.

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The Briard “Big Hearted and Utterly Loyal”

The Briard

Breed History:

The Briard is a shaggy coated French sheepdog tracing back to Charlemagne, Holy Roman Emperor (742 – 814) who is reputed to have owned a Briard as did Napoleon Bonaparte. The Marquis de Lafayette, a Frenchman, brought his Briards to America in 1777 to work as sheep herders while he fought at the side of George Washington in the American Revolution. Thomas Jefferson is also thought to have brought Briards to
the US at about the same time. The Briard Club of America was founded in 1928.

French folklore is full of tales of the breed’s acts of heroism and bravery. In more recent history, these confident dogs distinguished themselves well in both World Wars. They acted as sentries at the front lines, hauled food and munitions and even led medics to wounded men. Always, this breed was
prized in France and North America for its good working and herding abilities, its intelligence and unwavering loyalty. Even the family companion Briard possesses and exhibits these instincts.

Briards, being big, require larger accommodation and space for lots of daily exercise. They should be brushed often, daily is best, to keep their long hair from matting. They are “dogs at heart, with spirit and initiative, wise and fearless.” Although they are reserved with strangers, Briards are very loving and gentle, intelligent and highly trainable, wanting to please, and protect their family and master. As with most breeds, Briard puppies should have some early formal obedience training.

Dog: 23 to 27 in. (58-68.5 cm) at withers.
Bitch: 22 to 25½ in. (56-63.5 cm) at withers.
Weight: 75-100 lb. (34-45.5 kg)
Protection: Excellent.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Other Name: Berger de Brie.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 12 years.

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Bullmastiff Dog “The Gamekeeper’s Nightdog”

Bullmastiff Dog

Breed History:

The Bullmastiff dog was created in the last half of the 18th Century to assist gamekeepers in thwarting poachers. The gentle giant, brave and protective Mastiff was crossed with the large fierce Bulldog of those days. It was just what the gamekeepers needed. The resulting dog, then called the “Game Keepers Nightdog,” and later on, the “Bullmastiff,” inherited the best of both. He was very loyal and protective, powerful and quick on his feet, yet
silent in his approach. He subdued the poachers by his size and strength without harming them.

Today, the Bullmastiff is a family pet, a dependable guard dog, very intelligent, courageous, bold and fearless. Viciousness is never tolerated in the breed. They are often seen at dog shows, where they are grand. A Bullmastiff puppy, or a young adult would profit from formal obedience training.

Dog: 25 – 27 in. (63 – 69 cm) at withers.
Weight: 110 – 130 lb. (50 – 59 kg).
Bitch: 24 – 26 in. (61 – 66 cm) at withers.
Weight: 100 – 120 lb. (45 – 55 kg).
With Other Pets: Very Good.
With Other Dogs: Not Good.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Protection: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 8 – 10 years.

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Chesapeake Bay Retriever “The Friendly Cold Water Retriever”

Chesapeake Bay Retriever

Breed History:

The Chesapeake was “Made in America.” Following the shipwreck of a British brig off the coast of Maryland in 1807, two rescued puppies resembling the Newfoundland, one male the other female, were bred to local stock which eventually lead to what has become known as, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever or “Chessy”.

It is a medium-large dog, possessing intelligence and a bright, happy disposition. Its thick, short, oily coat and dense, fine wooly undercoat protected it when working, and retrieving in the ice cold waters of Chesapeake Bay. Noted for its fondness of children and bravery, several
Chessies have been honored with life-saving awards for heroism in saving youngsters from drowning. It excels as a hunting dog, a bird dog.

Dog: 23 – 26 in. (58 – 66 cm).
Weight: 65 – 80 lb. (29.5 – 36 kg)
Bitch: 21 – 24 in. (53 – 61 cm).
Weight: 55 – 70 lb. (25 – 32 kg).
Affection: Very affectionate.
Protection: Good.
Watchdog: Very good.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 13 years.

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The Collie Dog “A Devoted Family Companion”

Collie Dog

Breed History:

The Collies are natives of Scotland and it is thought that all of the varieties share a common ancestry. The breed is often, but erroneously referred to as the “Scotch Collie”. The earliest reference to the Collie appears in Chaucer’s “Canterbury Tales” written in the 14th century. The dogs, in those days, were used to watch over the flocks, round up strays and escort them to market.

When fanciers, in the early part of the 19th century began keeping written pedigrees, the breed began to progress rapidly and gained in size. A dog by the name of “Old Cockie”, born in 1867 is credited with stamping characteristic type on the Rough Collie and with introducing factors which lead to the development of the sable color.

Up to that time, the colors were mainly black, black and white, tan and white and tortoise shell, now called blue merle. It was when Queen Victoria first travelled to Balmoral, that she saw a Collie dog, and was so impressed with its cleverness, she became an instant supporter of the breed.

Soon they were establish in the royal kennel at Windsor and shortly thereafter the Collie breed was in vogue everywhere, including the wealthy kennels along the Hudson river, and on Long Island, New York.

Dog: 24 – 26 in. (61 – 66 cm) at shoulder.
Weight: 60 – 75 lb. (27.3 – 34.1 kg).
Bitch: 22 – 24 in. (56 – 61 cm) at shoulder.
Weight: 50 – 65 lb. (22.7 – 29.5 kg).
With Other Pets: Very Good.
Other Name: Scotch Collie, Lassie dog.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 8 – 12 years.

The Collie dog is elegant and beautiful looking, very loyal and affectionate in all its actions. Immortalized in the “Lassie” series of movies, the Rough Coated Collie gained a huge following. A Collie is a self-appointed guardian of everything it can see or hear.

The Collie dog represents, to its many admirers, the ideal companion. No matter which variety, the Rough Collie or the lesser known Smooth Collie, a Collie puppy is an excellent choice for a family. They bond to the entire family and are rated excellent with children.

Collies are lithe, strong, responsive, active dogs, carrying no “useless timber,” standing naturally straight and firm. The Collie presents a very impressive and proud picture of balance and proportion.

It is a moderately active dog and requires a fairly large home. It sheds quite a bit and so requires regular grooming, at least once a week. A Collie puppy is very intelligent and responds well to formal training.

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Curly-Coated Retriever “Loyal, Affectionate and Intelligent”

Curly Coated Retriever

Breed History:

The Curly-Coated Retriever is believed to be a cross of the small St. John’s Newfoundland, with the 16th century English Water Spaniel, and perhaps the Irish Water Spaniel with at least a couple of infusions of the Poodle, to tighten the curl of their coat, which comes in either liver or black. First
exhibited in England, in 1860, at the Birmingham dog show. The Curly-Coated Retriever was very popular in the 19th century, especially with English gamekeepers. It was, and still is, a multi purpose hunting dog with a lot of vigor, highly trainable and possesses a soft gentle mouth with birds. It excels in water or on land and is highly prized for its perseverance.

At the end of the century, the popularity of the breed
waned to the newer retriever breeds. Today, the breed still
has a great following in New Zealand and Australia and the
popularity in the US and Canada is on the increase. Curlies
are loyal friendly, loving dogs to family, children and friends,
yet, they can have a bit of an independent nature, a discerning
intelligence. They are rather aloof and wary with strangers.

A large house would be the best type of accommodation.
They require lots of daily outdoor exercise. They do shed, but
not a lot. Grooming sessions once a week should be enough.
This breed usually bonds with the whole family, a very nice
trait in a family companion. Of the sporting breeds,
the Curly is by far, the best watchdog.

Weight: 60 – 70 lb. (27.3 – 31.8 kg).
Dog: 25 – 27 in. (63.5 – 68.6 cm) at withers.
Bitch: 23 – 25 in. (58.4 – 63.5 cm) at withers.
Other pets: Very friendly.
Watchdog: Very good.
Life Expectancy: 8 – 10 years.

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Doberman Pinscher “intelligent family pet, called Dobe”

Doberman Pinscher

Breed History:

The Doberman Pinscher was named after its creator, Louis Dobermann, a tax collector, dog fancier of Apolda, a town in Thuringen, Germany. He wanted and needed an alert, companion, guard dog, to protect him while making his rounds. He began his project in the 1880s. He didn’t keep records, but it is thought that he used the German Pinscher, Rottweiler, Manchester Terrier, perhaps the Greyhound and other breeds too.

By 1889, Dobermann’s creation was complete and breed type was fixed. A breed standard was drafted. A specialty club was organized for the breeds promotion and improvement. The Dobe was then introduced to the public at a dog show. The reception was less than enthusiastic. Early specimens were considered coarse, rough and ill-tempered.
Herr Dobermann was joined by another man, Herr Goeller, who worked towards improving the looks, elegance and refinement. It was Herr Goeller who drafted the first breed standard and obtained official recognition of the breed, by the German Kennel Club, in 1900.
It was imported to the US, about 1908, and the Doberman Pinscher Club of America was founded in 1921, the same year it was recognized by the AKC. American breeders are credited with developing and refining this intelligent, elegant medium size dog, the present-day Doberman.
Through the efforts of this club, the Doberman remains one of the top breeds registered by the American Kennel Club. The breed was first registered in Canada in 1912. The name Doberman Pinschers is often misspelled as Doberman Pincher, or Doberman Pinchers, even Doberman Pincers.
Height Dog:  26 – 28 in (66 – 71 cm) at withers.
Height Female:  24 – 26 in (61 – 66 cm)
Weight:  65 – 90 lb (29.5 – 41 kg).
Activity Level:  Average.
Exercise Needs:  Average.
Playfulness:  Quite High.
Affection:  Quite affectionate.
Shedding:  A little.
Grooming:   Minimal required.
Trainability:  High.
With Other Dogs:  Not very good.
With Other Pets:  Quite Good.
With strangers:  Very reserved.
Bonding:  Bonds to whole family.
With children:  Good.
Watchdog & Excellent.
Protection:  Excellent.
Function:  Security, Schutzhund, Companion.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 12 years.

Dobe Appearance:

Affectionately called Dobe, or Doberman, they are a medium size dog, with a square body. That means the vertical height from the ground, to the highest point of the withers, equals the length from the fore chest to the rear projection of the upper thigh.

There is an air of nobility and elegance about the Doberman, giving the impression of a blue blooded animal, or aristocrat. He should be compactly built, muscular and powerful, for endurance and speed. From the strong muzzle and wedge-shaped head to the clearly defined stifle, the outline is definite and sharply etched.
Ears are usually cropped, but folded ears are also acceptable and are seen more frequently nowadays, in the show ring. Its gait is free, balanced and effortless.


Doberman dogs are energetic, watchful, determined and capable guardians. He is alert, fearless, affectionate, obedient and loyal. He must not be shy or vicious towards humans. He can be aggressive with strange dogs especially of the same gender.

Doberman Pinschers do better in a larger house. He is sensitive and responsive to his owners wishes, but some can be domineering. A Doberman puppy definitely needs early training. Fortunately, he is easily trained, soon excelling at obedience events.
Doberman dogs need grooming, about once a week, and moderate daily exercise. The Dobe is good with children. He bonds to the whole family, making a Doberman Pinscher puppy a good family pet, for the right people.

Finding other breeders:

Are you wanting a Doberman puppy? Are you looking for Doberman breeders with Doberman Pinscher puppies for sale? See the breeders section. If there are no nearby Doberman Pinscher breeders, see the Canadian Doberman dog club, or Doberman rescue. Also, see the American Doberman dog club, Doberman rescue, for other nearby breeders.

Doberman Health Issues:

Doberman Major concerns:   CVI (Cervical Vertebral Instability or simply, “Wobbler’s syndrome”) ; Cardiomyopathy, (Dilated cardiomyopathy means that the heart muscle, especially the thick muscle wall of the left ventricle, becomes much thinner than normal. The pressure of the blood inside the heart then allows this thinned wall to stretch, resulting in a much larger left ventricular chamber.)
Minor concerns:   vWD, (It s the most common inherited bleeding disorder of both man and animals.); Demodicosis, (It is commonly called “demodectic mange” or “red mange”. It is a skin disease which affects dogs, caused my microscopic mites.); Osteosarcoma, (It is the most common primary bone tumor in dogs.); Gastric Torsion, (A twisting of the stomach after gastric distention occurs. This is a life threatening problem. Immediate Veterinarian help is required.); CHD, (Canine Hip Dysplasia).
Occasionally seen:   Albinism, (This is a pigmentation deficiency resulting in white fur, pink skin, and pink or blue eyes.); PRA, (It is a recessively, inherited disease. Progressive Retinal Atrophy is a deterioration of both retinas simultaneously, and which leads to blindness.); Hypothyroidism, (is a disorder of the thyroid gland. It is unable to secrete enough thyroid hormone. This, in turn, decreases your dog’s metabolism.); Narcolepsy, (Dogs suffering from narcolepsy, periodically, (and abruptly), fall into a state of deep sleep, during normal waking hours. They often become partially or completely immobilized.)

Suggested Tests:

Cardiac, Hip, Eye, DNA for vWD.

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The English Foxhound – Traditionally a pack hound

The English Foxhound

Breed History:

The English Foxhound dog has one of the oldest recorded histories of purebred dogs. Near the end of the 1600s, fox hunting became popular as a sport with the upper class landowners, replacing stag hunting. Foxes were plentiful whereas stags had become sparse.

Selective breeding of existing hounds was used to produce the needed foxhound, one with a keen nose, sound feet, lots of speed, a loud voice and stamina enough to run all day. The first kennel specializing in these early English Foxhounds dates to 1696.

By 1750, the number of English Foxhound kennels had swelled to 50. The most notable breeder was Hugo Meynell,, recognized as the father of fox hunting. Meynell developed packs of uniform type and inaugurated a system of record keeping copied by others.

As a result, many of today’s English Foxhounds can be traced as far back as 1760. Riding to the hounds became very popular with the wealthy, steeped in ceremony. The actual killing of the fox was incidental (victim excepted) and an anticlimax. By the late 1800s there were about 140 packs of English Foxhounds in England, each with about 50 dogs.

It has been verified that this dog breed was brought to America in 1738 by the first Lord Fairfax. The English Foxhound Stud Book of America dates it’s earliest entries to 1890, but unauthenticated records indicate that there were many imports before that time perhaps as many as 20 years before that date.

The hound mixed with other hounds has given rise to the American Foxhound, not as stout as the English version. The Canadian Kennel Club Stud Book lists thirty-two Foxhounds registered in 1889.

Weight: 55-75 lbs. (25 – 34 kg).
Height: 23-27 in. (58-69 cm) at withers.
Topline: Absolutely level.
Grooming: Minimal, once per week.
Watchdog: Very good.
Protection: Low – Too friendly!
Other Name: Foxhound
Life Expectancy: 10 – 13 years.

The English Foxhound is not only a physically beautiful dog, but has an excellent temperament too. It is an easygoing dog rather playful and affectionate. It is very friendly with those it knows, especially children, and particularly other foxhounds, or other breeds, and pets and farm animals.

It bonds to the whole family. It can be a bit reserved with strangers at first. This breed is happiest when it can get lots of outdoor exercise. Because of its stamina, it makes a good long distance jogging companion. This breed is renowned for its strong voice and it loves to bay. It is best suited to a rural home perhaps a farm and the company of other foxhounds.

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English Setter

English Setter

Breed History:

The English Setter is one of the very oldest breeds of gun dogs mentioned in European literature since the 14th century. It’s ancestors are believed to have been sporting spaniels of Spanish origin. The breed got its name setter, from the manner in which it reacts when confronting game.
It has a distinctive crouch, a stop motion, a freezing instead of the more natural instinct of chasing or flushing the game. Long before the advent of shotguns, this trait was made use of, to “set” the game for the hunter’s net. The breeders of those early specimens were only interested in how good a bird dog it was, not how good looking and they never kept breeding records.
Needless to say early English Setters were a far cry from the elegant specimens of today.
Dog Height:  About 25 in. (63 cm) at the withers.
Dog Weight:  60 – 65 lb. (27.3 – 29.5 kg).
Bitch Height:  About 24 in. (61 cm) at the withers.
Bitch Weight:  50 – 55 lb. (22.7 – 25 kg).
Field Type Weights:  About 10 lb. (4.5 kg) less.
With Strangers:  Excellent.
Watchdog Aptitude:  Very good.
Protection Aptitude:  Rather low.
With children:  Excellent.
Life Expectancy:  10 – 12 years.
In the year of 1825, an Englishman, named Edward Laverack (1800-1877) began to refine the breed by careful selective close breeding, in-breeding, and for half a century developed what became known as “Laverack Setters,” later to be called English Setters.
He wrote the first breed book in 1875 and drafted a breed standard which, except for small changes, is still in use today. Another breeder in England, Mr. R. Purcell Llewellin (1840-1925), purchased his initial stock from Mr. Laverack, and bred outstanding English Setters by crossing them out to different lines to produce very successful field trial dogs that today, still bear his name, the Llewellin Setter.
Mr. Llewellin was interested in producing a more successful bird dog and had no interest in creating beautiful specimens. The two different approaches to breeding led to the main schism in the breed today. The Llewellin Setter has a separate registry in the United States with its own Field Stud Book. Today, one still hears the term Llewellin Setter.
They are not considered a separate breed, just a separate, pure bloodline which only DNA can differentiate. The English Setter was a popular breed on both sides of the Atlantic even before the founding of the Kennel Club in England (1873) and was among the first breeds admitted to the registries both in the U.S. and there.
The first show for English Setters was held in 1859 at Newcastle, England. Admiration for the breed soared as dog shows became increasingly common.

Breed Temperament

It is the temperament which has won the English Setter so many friends in the world of dog fanciers. It is a mild, sweet, soft, lovable dog, intelligent, and affectionate, good with children, making him an ideal family companion. Fear or viciousness is never condoned.

They can be strong willed and mischievous, often distracted by the natural bird dog hunting instincts, but they can be trained by gentle methods, patience and rewards, to do almost anything. They are very sensitive to criticism, and might be unwilling to repeat an event, out of fear of disappointing the trainer.
They are true people dogs, needing attention and some outside activity in a good fenced yard. Inside, they are more biddable, laid back lap dogs that enjoy cuddling.
As with so many breeds nowadays however, there are specimens which do not have the good temperaments expressed above, due to careless selfish breeders breeding from inferior breed stock. True English Setter fanciers only breed from sound, healthy, friendly, kind and gentle stock.

Health Issues

Generally speaking, the English Setter remains a vigorous, healthy breed, but there have been a few documented cases of elbow and hip dysplasia, deafness and others.

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Flat-Coated Retriever “A Versatile Family Companion Dog”

Flat Coated Retriever

Breed History:

The creating of this dog breed took many years, starting about the early 1800s. S.E. Shirley, a founder of the Kennel Club is credited with stabilizing the breed about the year 1880. Many breeds contributed to this outstanding
and versatile hunting dog, including the Newfoundland Dog, some setters, collie, and spaniel-like water dogs. Interest in the breed rose to a high before World War I, then ebbed to a low about the time of World War II. Since then, interest has increased in Britain, Europe and North America.

The Flat-Coated Retriever comes in two colors only, solid black or solid liver. It is a superb hunting dog, very intelligent, sensible, tractable and very willing to work. In the home, it is a most happy, friendly, and devoted family dog. It is very companionable, good with children and bonds to the whole family. It is a moderately active dog needing a large living quarters and exercise several times a day. It does shed, but not excessively, so grooming once a week is usually sufficient. A good family addition!

Dog: 23 – 24½ in. (58 – 62 cm) at withers.
Bitch: 22 – 23½ in. (56 – 59.6 cm) at withers.
Weight: 60 – 70 lb. (27.3 – 31.8 kg).
Trainabilty: Very high.
Watchdog: Very good.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 14 years.

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German Shorthaired Pointer dog

German Shorthaired Pointer dog

Breed History:

The breed is often referred to as the German Shorthair Pointer, German Shorthair, or even as the German Shorthair. In Germany it is known as the Kurzhaar. (“Kurz” means short and “haar” means hair, in German. The official breed name, in North America, is the German Shorthaired Pointer. For short, it is often written as the “GSP”.
The exact origin of the breed is unknown, but it was developed somewhere in Germany, about mid 1800s. The right to hunt game in Germany, by the 19th century, was no longer restricted to the nobility. The average German hunter however, could not afford several specialized sporting, hunting dogs.
They needed one, all purpose, hunting dog. It had to have a good nose, and be a reliable water retriever. It had to be aggressive towards predators, and very obedient. Several German, and perhaps French, scenthounds were crossed to Spanish Pointers. The initial results were mixed.
The advice of the day, was to forget about good looks, and to concentrate on how the dog worked. This advice was followed by the most successful breeders. The most significant new addition to the breed, although highly controversial, was the introduction of English Pointers.
This would give a more stylish look, and a nose-up hunting mode. This also introduced however, a dislike of water, and an aversion to attacking its quarry. These were considere negative traits. Careful breeding, eventually eliminated those negatives. Breed type was standardized by 1911. News of the “Kurzhaar” spread.
It had met the goal of being a versatile gundog, a superb hunting dog. It had a keen nose, sharp eyes and intelligent mind. It was obedient. It liked the water and had webbed feet. It willingly trails, points, and retrieves, on land or in icy waters. The first US imports began arriving by 1925.
There being sufficient interest, the AKC admitted the breed into the Stud Book, in March, 1930. The German Shorthaired Pointer Club of America held its first specialty show, at the International Kennel Club show, in Chicago, in 1941. The Canadian Kennel Club, the CKC, registered the breed three years later, in 1933. Since its introduction, the Shorthair has won numerous Dual Championships.
These are dogs that have qualified in Field Trials, as well as, in the Show Ring. The breed thus refutes the claim that brains and beauty cannot be found in the same dog. It is a very handsome dog, and an obedient companion, attributes that have made it one of the most popular breeds in North America, for several years.
Male Height:  23 – 25 in. (58 – 64 cm) at withers.
Male Weight:  55 – 70 lb. (25 – 32 kg).
Female Height:  21 – 23 in. (53 – 58 cm) at withers.
Female Weight:  45 – 60 lb. (20 – 27 kg).
Activity Level:  High.
Exercise Needs:  Very high.
Affection:  Quite affectionate.
Playfulness:  Quite high.
Shedding:  A little.
Grooming:   Minimal required.
Trainability:  Quite high.
With Other Dogs:  Quite good.
With Other Pets:  Somewhat intolerant.
With strangers:  Quite tolerant.
With children:  Good.
Bonding:  Bonds to one person.
Protection:  Quite good.
Function:  Versatile hunting dog – Companion
Other Names:  German Shorthair Pointer; German Shorthair
Watchdog:  Excellent.
Life Expectancy:  12 – 14+ years.

Shorthair Appearance:

A GSP is a medium size dog. It is a graceful looking hunting dog, a well-balanced, symmetrical, animal. Its conformation indicates power, endurance, and agility, with a look of intelligence. It has a clean-cut head, sloping shoulders, deep breast, powerful short back, and strong quarters.

It is blessed with good bone, adequate muscle, well-carried, docked tail, taught coat, all of which produces a look of nobility. Its movement is balanced, and without wasted motion. The attractive coat can be solid liver color, or a combination of liver and white, such as liver and white ticked, liver patched and white ticked, or liver roan.
In Britain, the color black is permitted, but not in the United States. It coat is short, flat and coarse to the touch. It sheds a little, and therefore, should be groomed at least once a week.


A German Shorthaired Pointer’s temperament is gentle, affectionate, even-tempered, and active. It is “people friendly”, good with children, although perhaps a bit boisterous for very young children. It is affectionate, playful, and very loyal. It is very intelligent, and willing to please.

It is not nervous, or flighty. German Shorthaired Pointer puppies are quick to learn. Obedience training at an early age is a wise move. They are sensitive, but respond well, to gentle training methods. It makes a good choice for a companion dog, and versatile hunting dog.
Because of its heritage however, it can be a bit aggressive towards small pets, unless raised with them. If it is frustrated, or bored, it can be noisy. For certain, it needs to be indoors, with the family, not outdoors alone, nor alone in a kennel. A larger size home and considerable daily exercise is needed, without which, it could become mischievous.

Finding other breeders:

Do you need more information on the German Short Hair Pointer dog, and German Short Hair Pointer breeders who have German Shorthaired Pointer puppies for sale? See the breeders section.

If there are no nearby GSP breeders, see the Canadian GSP Club, German Shorthair Pointer rescue. See also the USA GSP club, German Shorthaired Pointer rescue, to find more puppies.

German Shorthair Health Issues:

GSP Major concerns:   Lymphedema, (In lymphedema, there is abnormal lymph flow, so that lymph fluids accumulate and cause swelling in the affected tissue.)
Minor concerns:   CHD, (CHD is the acronym for Canine Hip Dysplasia); Entropion, (This is the turning inward, of all, or part of an eyelid, such that the eyelashes come into contact with the corneal, and conjunctival surfaces of the eye. It causes corneal irritation, and potentially more severe damage to the affected eyes.);
Gastric Torsion, (A twisting of the stomach, after gastric distention, occurs. This is a life threatening problem. Immediate Veterinarian help is required!); vWD, (This is the most common inherited bleeding disorder, of both man, and animals.);
Pannus, ( Pannus in dogs, is a condition where your dog’s immune system attacks the cornea of the eye.); Hypothyroidism, (In hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland is underactive, and unable to secrete enough thyroid hormone. This, in turn, decreases your dog’s metabolism.
Occasionally seen:   Ectropion, (This is a defect of conformation, in which there is a sagging, or rolling-out, (eversion) of the eyelids. This results in abnormal exposure of the eye, which often leads to irritation.); PRA, (This is a recessively, inherited disease.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy is a deterioration of both retinas simultaneously, and which leads to blindness.); Cardiomyopathy, (Dilated cardiomyopathy means that the heart muscle, especially the thick muscle wall of the left ventricle, becomes much thinner than normal.
The pressure of the blood inside the heart then allows this thinned wall to stretch, resulting in a much larger left ventricular chamber.)

GSP Suggested Tests:

All breeding stock should be tested, prior to breeding, for the following: Hips, Eyes, DNA for vWD, Cardiac, and Thyroid.

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Golden Retriever

Golden Retriever

Breed History:

The development of Golden Retrievers is attributed to Lord Tweedsmuir at his estate, Guisachan, at Inverness-Shire, Scotland, north of the English border, along the Tweed River. In 1952 a descendant published documents of his breeding from 1835 until about 1890. In 1865, he acquired his first Yellow Retriever, named Nous, who was bred to a type of dog called the Tweed Water Spaniel, commonly found in the Border country, whose traits and qualities, subsequently influenced the development of the Golden Retriever dog. Nous and Belle produced 4 yellow puppies in 1868, CrocusCowslipPrimrose and Ada.
From the four, followed additional crosses to the Water Dogs, an Irish Setter and sandy colored Bloodhounds. Then followed some line-breeding, unusual for those days, and Nous and Cowslip appear several times in pedigrees.
This line breeding eventually created the Yellow or Golden Retriever dog, later becoming popular in Britain towards the end of the 1800s. First shown in 1908, they were granted breed status by the Kennel Club in 1913, and became known as the Retriever (Golden and Yellow). In 1920 the name was changed to Golden Retriever.
Dog: 65-75 lbs. (29.5 – 34.1 kg).
Height: 23-24 in. (58.4-61 cm) at withers.
Bitch: 55-65 lbs. (25-29.5 kg).
Height: 21½-22½ in. (54.6-57 cm) at withers.
With Other dogs & Pets: Excellent.
With Children: Excellent.
Trainability: Excellent.
Watchdog: Average.
Other Name: Yellow Retriever.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 13 years.

Additional Information

The breed, considered the glamour dog of retrievers, is powerful, active and sound, very elegant. With its intelligence, tractability, poise and beauty, it does exceptionally well in competition such as conformation dog shows and in other canine events. Its personality is eager, alert, self confident, always displaying a kindly expression.

It is very friendly towards people and other dogs normally, but should never show timidity or nervousness. It is very intelligent and excels in obedience training and obedience trials. It is exceptional as a guide dog too, but it is as a family pet, and its fondness of children, that this dog breed has gained its renown.
A Golden Retriever puppy enjoys socializing and it does well with training. It needs regular combing to minimize shedding. Give it a home in the suburbs or country where it can get lots of wanted exercise. As with many purebred dogs, this breed has some health issues, of which, a prudent puppy prospective buyer should be aware.
That is why it is important to deal with conscientious breeders, who address those problems, by having their breeding stock tested and cleared, before they breed.

Finding Other Breeders

Want information on this breed and breeders who might have a Golden Retriever for sale, or Golden Retriever puppies for sale? Go to the breeders section. If there are no nearby Golden Retriever breeders, see the Canadian Golden Retriever dog club, Golden Retriever rescue, or the American club, Golden Retriever rescue, for information on other beeders, in your area.

Health Issues

The Golden Retriever can have some serious health concerns, from hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, to cataracts. There are some minor concerns too, such as entropion, distchiasis, trichiasis.

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The Gordon Setter “A Tireless, Loyal, Bird Dog”

The Gordon Setter

Breed History:

The Gordon Setter is a native of Scotland. The breed was stabilized in the kennels of the fourth Duke of Gordon in the early 1800s. Originally, it was referred to as the Gordon Castle Setter. The intention was to create a larger
heavier type of setter of pleasing conformation, with a keen nose, well adapted to his rugged Scottish environment.

Gordon Setters were first brought to the US in 1842 and have been registered with the AKC since 1878. The eagerness to work the fields has never diminished over the years, and his keen intellect and retentive memory is said to improve with age, needing no retraining each season.

Gordon Setters are happiest being near their owners. They are very devoted and loyal to the entire family, always eager to please them and they are considered excellent with children. They are good watchdogs, wary of strangers, a perfect companion to the right active owners.

Dog: 24 – 27 in. (61 – 69 cm).
Weight: 55 – 80 lb. (25 – 36.4 kg).
Bitch: 23 – 26 in. (58 – 66 cm).
Weight: 45 -70 lb. (20 – 32 kg).
Watchdog: Very good.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 12 years.

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Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Affectionately Nicknamed “Swissy”

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Breed History:

The Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund as it is called in its native land, Switzerland, is the largest of the four Swiss Sennenhunde which means “dog of the Alpine pastures.” It is believed that their ancestors were brought by the Romans when they invaded Helvetia. They were probably Mastiff or
Molossian dogs which then interbred with native dogs and in isolated areas, developed into separate breeds. The names of the four breeds being, “Appenzeller,” “Entlebucher,” and the “Bernese.” Not only do they share the same coat color pattern, but a common work ethic. They divided their duties guarding the livestock, and the homestead, and were visibly delighted when required to do draft dog chores.

The Swissy is a large, even tempered dog of very good substance. His coat is short, but thick, and needs regular brushing especially in the spring, and early summer, when shedding is heaviest. Because of its size, and eagerness to work, the Swissy is perhaps better suited to country living, where it can enjoy farm chores and pulling carts etc. They relish, and perform well in obedience training. The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is great with children, and tends to bond with the whole family. As a watchdog, it excels. As a family dog, he is sensitive, calm, affectionate, easygoing and gentle, a totally devoted and loyal companion.

Dogs: 25½-28½ in. (64.8-72.4 cm) at withers.
Bitches: 23½-27 in. (59.6-68.6 cm).
Weight of Dog: 105-140 lb (47.7-63.6 kg).
Weight of Bitch: 85-110 lb (38.6-50 kg).
Watchdog: Very good.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 12 years.
Other Names: Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund and Great Swiss Cattle Dog.

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Ibizan Hound Dog “The Three-Way Hunter”

Ibizan Hound Dog

Breed History:

Ibizan is pronounced “E-beeth-an” The Ibizan Hound is undoubtedly one of the oldest breeds. The Ibizan bears an unmistakable resemblance to drawings, paintings and statues, dating back as early as 3000 B.C., of the Egyptian god Anubis, the watchdog of the dead. In 1922, a full-size sculpture of Anubis was located in Tutankhamen’s tomb, and it was a precise image of the Ibizan Hound of today. Historians believe that either the Phoenician sailing traders, in the 8th century B.C. or the Carthaginian invaders in the 6th century B.C. brought the dog to the island of Ibiza, off the coast of Spain,
from which it derives its name.

The Ibizan is a large dog breed, elegant, lithe and racy with very highly developed sight, scent and hearing, a three way hunter, whose quarry nowadays, is the rabbit, and hare. Ibizans come in two types of coats, the short, or smooth coat, and the wire coat. The wire-haired, often has a bountiful moustache. The Ibizan Hound has a very even temperament, affectionate and loyal, extremely versatile. Ibizans make excellent family dogs and are very good with children. An Ibizan hound puppy is trainable,
loving, very cute, inquisitive and merry.

Dog: 23.5 – 27.5 in. (60 – 70cm) at withers.
Dog: 50 lb. (22.7kg) average weight.
Bitch: 22.5 – 26 in. (57 – 66cm) at withers.
Bitch: 45 lb. (20.5 kg) average weight.
Caution: Sensitive to Anesthesia.
Varieties: Smooth and Wirehaired.
Watchdog: Very good.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 14 years.

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The Irish Setter Dog “An Active Aristocratic Bird Dog”

The Irish Setter Dog

Breed History:

The Irish Setter is rich red in color, substantial yet very elegant in build. At his best, the lines so satisfy in over-all balance that some artists have termed him the most beautiful of all dogs.

Afield, the Irish Setter is essentially a sporting dog, a swift moving hunting dog, a bird dog, tough, bold and very durable for long continued work in the brush.

At home, his rollicking personality and sweet nature make the Irish Setter an affectionate, loyal companion, excellent with children, very playful and will bond to the whole family. He is good with other pets and quite friendly
with other dogs. He is very active and therefore requires lots of daily exercise. Shedding is average, so he should be groomed about three times a week. Although he is so fond of people and strangers, he is considered a good watchdog. For a beautiful, playful affection companion, consider
an Irish Setter puppy for your family.

Dog: 27 in. (69 cm) at withers.
Weight: 70 lb. (31.8 kg).
Bitch: 25 in. (64 cm) at withers.
Weight: 60 lb. (27.3 kg).
Affectionate: Very affectionate.
Watchdog: Very good.
Other Name: Red Setter.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 14 years.

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Irish Water Spaniel A “Clown” with Gusto

Irish Water Spaniel

Breed History:

The Irish Water Spaniel is one of the oldest spaniels. Descriptions of them are found in 1000 yr. old manuscripts. Archaeologists have found, in Ireland, Irish Water Spaniel type skull remains, dating back to the 7th, or 8th century. Whether it existed in several different varieties is anyone’s
guess, but it is known that several similar spaniels existed in Ireland. Probably several of them or all, played a roll in the development of today’s water spaniel.

A dog by the name of Boatswain (1834 – 1852) sired many outstanding gun and show specimens and is credited as being the first of the breed as it is known today. The pedigrees prior to Boatswain are sketchy, but following him, a clear type was bred, shown and accepted by fanciers. By the late 1800s the breed was being shown in both Britain and America. In 1875, it was the third most popular sporting dog. Since that time however, in spite
of its outstanding qualities and appearance, the breed is rarely seen today in either the show ring or home.

The Irish Water Spaniel is a medium size dog, sturdily built and with lots of bone, well balanced and shows no legginess nor coarseness. He has a distinctive topknot, particular to this breed, and consisting of long loose curls, growing to a well-defined peak between the eyes and falling
over the tops of the ears and occiput. The dog’s tail is also a
distinctive feature and is often referred to as a rat tail.

The Irish Water Spaniel is a very good natured dog, excellent with children, loving to play the role of a clown and doing everything he can with enthusiasm and gusto including guarding their house. They require considerable exercise both physically and mentally which it enjoys. The curly coat needs brushing several times a week and scissoring every
few months. They are outstanding family pets, well worth the time and effort to locate.

Dog Height: 22 – 24 in. (55.9 – 61 cm).
Dog Weight: 55 – 65 lb. (25 – 29.5 kg).
Bitch Height: 21 – 23 in. (53 – 58 cm).
Bitch Weight: 45 – 58 lb. (20.5 – 26 kg)
Life Expectancy: 10 – 13 years.

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Labrador Retriever dogs, Chocolate, Black and Yellow Labs and puppies

Labrador Retriever

Breed History:

The early Labrador dog did not originate in Labrador, Canada. It descended from former dogs of Newfoundland. Those dogs had been left there over many years, by European fishermen and settlers. It was first called the “Black Water Dog”, followed by the “St. John’s Dog.” Subsequently, in the early 1800s, specimens were taken to England.
There, sportsmen, and certain English noblemen, were totally impressed with the dog’s hunting and water retrieving abilities, and desire. Unfortunately, their plans for breeding were spoiled by new expensive import taxes, and recent, strict British quarantine laws. The importation of these dogs stopped.
This caused the original St. John’s dog, back in Newfoundland, to disappear. The English breeders, were then forced to cross-breed to other retrievers. Fortunately, the desired hunting dog traits, the bird dog characteristics, prevailed.
Eventually, the breed got its present day name. A breed standard was drafted, and from then on, all out crossing to other breeds, was prohibited. The breed gained recognition from the Kennel Club in 1907. The AKC registered its first Labrador Retriever dog in 1917.
Dog: 65 – 80 lbs. (29.5 – 36.4 kg).
Height: 22.5 – 24.5 in. (57 – 62 cm) at withers.
Bitch: 55 – 70 lbs. (25 – 31.8 kg).
Height: 21.5 – 23.5 in. (55 – 60 cm) at withers.
Colors: Chocolate Labs, Black Labs & Yellow Labs.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 12 years.

Lab Temperament

Labrador Retrievers are a very gentle-mouthed breed. They are highly intelligent. They excel in obedience trials. Many Labrador puppies, with proper training, have become exceptional guide service dogs. It is as a family pet however, that this breed has gained such wide renown. It is so dependable and friendly with children, A Labrador puppy thrives with socialization.

It is an intelligent breed. It learns quickly, with proper instruction. As for grooming, it needs regular brushing to minimize shedding. A Lab puppy does well in the suburbs, or country. There it can grow, and get lots of needed exercise. Caution: A determined adult Labrador Retriever can escape over just about any backyard fence or gate.
It doesn’t matter the height. By hurling itself at the gate, and using its powerful hind legs to grip, it climbs up and over. It should also be noted that this breed has some health issues. Be sure to check out the health issues. Then you will be able to ask any breeder, the applicable questions.
You will also want to inquire about health guarantees. Trustworthy, dedicated Labrador breeders should always test their breed stock, before breeding. That is the best way to avoid potential genetic problems.
Health Issues
The Labrador Retriever can have some serious health concerns, from hip dysplasia, gastric torsion, eye problems, muscular dystrophy, to elbow problems. There are some minor concerns too, such as arthritis.
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The Otterhound “Friendly and Endearing”

The Otterhound

Breed History:

England is the country where the Otterhound was developed, at about the time of King John (1199-1216). The ancestry however, has always been in question, with many theories. The purpose of this hound was very clear,
to hunt in packs and kill the Otter which were constantly preying on, and depleting the fish in the rivers.

It grew in popularity because it was the only kind of hunting during the months from April to September. Otterhounds are well adapted to the task, having webbed feet, long thick double impervious coats, very keen noses, a love of the water and great swimming endurance. Nowadays, the Otter is protected.

The Otterhound is a large rough-coated hound with a very appealing shaggy, natural look. He is sturdily built with large bones and strong muscles. His deep-set amiable dark eyes reveal his friendly, even, temperament.

He is a moderately active dog, requiring exercise a few times each day. His coat should be combed several times per week to minimize shedding. An Otterhound puppy makes an excellent family addition, loving the whole family, especially children, and taking their watchdog duties to heart.

Dog: 27 in. (69 cm) and 115 lb. (53 kg).
Bitch: 24 in. (61 cm) and 80 lb. (36 kg).
Affection Level: Very high.
Watchdog: Very good.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 13 years.

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The Pharaoh Hound – A Sighthound from ancient history

The Pharaoh Hound

Breed History:

The Pharaoh Hound can lay claim to being one of the oldest breeds, dating back some 3,000 years to the time of the Pharaohs in Egypt, the country of its origin. The breed’s resemblance appears on tomb carvings. Quite likely the breed was used as the model for the creation of the dog-god Anubus of Egyptian mythology whose task was to escort the souls of the dead into the afterworld.

It is thought that the ancient Phoenicians, renowned traders and seafarers in that part of the world, brought the Pharaoh Hound to the island of Malta and Gozo, before the birth of Christ. There, they were used to hunt rabbits and were known as Kelb-tal Fewek, the rabbit dogs.

Only the best hunters were used in breeding programs. Their success is conspicuous by the fact that the dogs of today closely resemble their Egyptian ancestry. The Pharaoh Hound is so highly regarded in Malta, that a silver coin was minted there in 1979, honoring the event of the breed being declared the National Dog of Malta.

The breed was brought to Britain in the 20s, but didn’t receive any notice until it was reintroduced in the 60s. It was named the Pharaoh Hound because of its likeness to the ancient hounds. A specialty club was formed for the breed in 1968 and soon after, official breed status was granted by the Kennel Club (England). In 1978, the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) added the Pharaoh Hound to its registry. In the mid 1980s, the American Kennel Club (AKC) followed suit.

Male: 23-25 in. (58.4-63.5 cm).
Female: 21-24 in. (53.3-60.9 cm).
Weight: 45-55 lbs. (20.5- 25 kg).
Grooming: Minimal, once per week.
Watchdog: Very good.
Protection: Low – Too friendly!
Other Name: Kelb-tal Fewek
Life Expectancy: 11 – 14 years.

This medium size dog is a very keen hunting dog and a passionate chaser, loving to run. It is classified as a gazehound, or sighthound, one that hunts by sight, but it also hunts by scent. It is intelligent, trainable, gentle, affectionate and very good with children.

It is also quite friendly towards other dogs, but probably would chase strange animals. It has an unique characteristic of “blushing” when excited, with the ears and nose turning a rosy color. A Pharaoh Hound puppy should be well socialized and have some formal obedience training before being allowed to run.

The Pharaoh Hound is an indoors dog, wanting to be close to its family, an easy keeper. It needs only occasional grooming, brushing, to rid it of dead hair. It is an odorless dog. It does not tolerate the cold very well and appreciates a warm soft padded bed. The breed is very healthy, with no known major or minor concerns.

If a Pharaoh Hound puppy is of interest, patience is necessary in locating a breeder with puppies. While you are waiting, it is suggested that you get a Pharaoh Hound breed book.

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Rhodesian Ridgeback “Admirable Innate Qualities”

Rhodesian Ridgeback

Breed History:

The Rhodesian Ridgeback dog, the only known breed to have originated in South Africa, is said to have descended from native ridged dogs crossed to various continental breeds. It was developed to hunt lions.

A Ridgeback dog is a speedy, strong, tenacious, muscular, active dog, symmetrical in outline, and capable of great endurance. The ridge on his back is his trademark. It should be clearly defined by the hairs growing in
the opposite direction to the rest of the coat.

Rhodesian Ridgebacks are clean dogs, easily kept, and never noisy or quarrelsome. He is intelligent, courageous and readily trained. His general good nature, desire to please and liking for children have been winning
many new friends for him. It is an excellent choice for a family addition, but a Rhodesian Ridgeback puppy, like most puppies, would do well to have some obedience training and socialization.

Dog: 25 – 27 in. (63 – 69 cm) at withers.
Bitch: 24 – 26 in. (61 – 66 cm).
Dog Weight: 75 lb. (34 kg).
Bitch Weight: about 65 lb. (29 kg).
Protection: Excellent.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Other Name: African Lion Hound.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 13 years.

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German Rottweiler


Breed History:

The Rottweiler dog is a large dog breed, a robust, powerful breed, black with rich rusty tan markings.
Its compact build denotes great strength, agility, and endurance. The ancestors were Mastiff type dogs, brought through the Alps by the invading Romans into what is now southern Germany.
They were used as cattle drovers by day, and guarding the food supply for the legions, by night. Remaining dogs continued this work long after the Romans were driven out. The butchers of the town called “Rottweil”, Germany, for centuries used the Rottweiler to drive cattle to market, then protect their money bags, going home.
They tied the bags around the necks of their fearless, loyal dogs. The Rottweiler breed came to be known as the butcher’s dog, “Metzgerhund”. The town and area prospered and the cattle business grew without interruption until the middle of the 19th century. At this juncture two important things happened.
Cattle driving was outlawed and donkey carts and railroads replaced the dog cart. As a result, the Rottweiler numbers diminished drastically to the point of near extinction. In 1901, a short lived club of the Leonberger and the Rottweiler was formed. A breed standard was created, and the general type advocated, and its description of character, has remained substantially the same. From 1901 to 1907 the Rottweiler found favor again, this time as a police dog.
Later it was used in World WarI as a war dog. Following the creation of several quarreling breed clubs, a new club finally was formed in 1921 called the “Allegmeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub (ADRK) and it published its first stub book in 1924 thus ending much registration duplication confusion. Despite difficulties during and after World War II, the club has remained intact. Breeding is strictly controlled by the breed society.
Only the best specimens may be bred from, and litters are culled to permit the raising of, no more than six puppies per litter. The first Rottweiler was admitted to the AKC stud book in 1931. The standard was adopted in 1935. The American Rottweiler club was formed in 1971.
In 1938, the first two Rottweilers were recorded in the Canadian Kennel Club Stud Book. The breed has risen, from near extinction, to become one of the most popular breeds in the United States.
Dogs:  24-27 in. (61-68.5 cm) at withers.
Weight Dog:  85-135 lb (38.6-61.4 kg).
Bitches:  22-25 in. (55.8-63.5 cm).
Weight Bitch:  80-100 lb (36.4-45.5 kg).
Preferred size – mid-range.
Energy Level:  High.
Affection & Playfulness:  Low Average.
Shedding:  Average.
Trainability:  Quite high.
Function:  Security, Schutzhund, Companion.
With Other Dogs:  Not good.
With Other Pets:  Low Average.
With strangers:  Not friendly.
Bonding:  Bonds to entire family.
Grooming:   Once a week.
Watchdog:  Excellent.
Protection:  Very high!
Life Expectancy:  8 – 11 years.

Rottweiler Appearance:

The ideal Rottweiler is an above medium-sized, robust and powerful dog. It is black in color with clearly defined rich tan, rust, markings. His compact build denotes great strength, and endurance. Rottweiler males normally, are larger, heavier boned, and more masculine looking. The bitches are distinctly feminine, but without weakness of substance or structure.

Rottweilers require daily mental, physical, rigorous exercise, like jogging outdoors, or a long walk. A Rottweiler puppy needs lots of early socialization, and formal obedience training. They also need plenty of indoor family time, for bonding to the whole family. A Rottie enjoys the cold, but can overheat in hot weather.
Grooming requirements are minimal. It requires only occasional brushing to remove dead hair. The Rottweiler puppy is intelligent, highly trainable, and makes a good pet for the right family.


The Rottie, as it is affectionately known, is a very devoted, protective family dog, wary of strangers. It is possibly overly protective, if it deems its family is threatened, wherein lies a potential danger with some dogs, if proper early training is neglected.

The German Rottweiler dog is however, a basically calm, confident, courageous breed, having a fearless expression a self-assured aloofness, that does not lend itself to immediate, and aimless friendships.
A Rottie has a very strong eagerness to work, but is not expected to submit to excessive handling by a stranger. They can be headstrong and stubborn. A Rottweiler must never appear reticent, and never be aggressive without just provocation.

Finding Other Breeders:

Do you want Rottweiler information and breeders who might have Rottweiler puppies for sale? See the Rottweiler breeders section. If there are no nearby Rottweiler breeders, see the Canadian Rottweiler dog club, or Rottweiler rescue. Also contact the American Rottweiler dog club, or US Rottweiler rescue for advice on other breeders in your area.

Rottweiler Health Issues:

Major concerns:   CHD, (Canine Hip Dysplasia); Elbow Dysplasia, (describes generalized osteoarthritis (arthritis) of the elbow joint); SAS, (Sub aortic stenosis – a narrowing of the aorta artery, just below the aortic valve, thus preventing proper blood flow to the body); Osteosarcoma or OSA, (It is the most common, 80 – 85% primary bone tumor in dogs.)
Minor concerns:   Gastric Torsion, (This is a very serious, life threatening condition where gas builds up in the stomach and cannot escape, sometimes because of torsion of the stomach or intestine.
It is a Top Priority Medical Emergency., Hypothyroidism, (It is due to impaired production and secretion of the thyroid hormones, which results in a decreased metabolic rate.); Allergies, (This is a very complex subject. Allergies can be skin problems or food problems etc.)
Occasionally seen:  PRA, (It is a recessively inherited disease. Progressive Retinal Atrophy is a deterioration of both retinas simultaneously, and which leads to blindness.); Cataracts, (Same as in humans.); Seizures, (There are many types, and of varying severity.);
vWD, (Von Willebrand’s disease is the most common inherited bleeding disorder of both man and animals.); Panosteitus, (It occurs usually in larger breeds, young males 5 – 14 months the symptoms of which, can be lameness.); Entropion & Ectropion, (Eyelid problems causing pain to the eyes.)

Suggested Tests:

Hip, Elbow, Cardiac, Eye, and vWD.

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Saluki, Graceful and Clean-cut, like a Thoroughbred

Saluki Dog

Breed History:

Ancient portrayals in art and carvings dating back to the Sumerian empire, some 9000 years ago, predating even the Egyptian era, suggest that the Saluki is the oldest breed known to mankind.

It may well have originated in Syria then ranged to Egypt, Persia, Afghanistan and even India. Islamic people generally consider dogs as “unclean” but the Saluki was believed to be a gift from Allah and therefore sacredand anything it caught and killed could be eaten.

Salukis were never sold, instead, they were given as precious gifts or tributes to worthy sheiks. Over the years the Saluki was known by many names, including “Slughi,” “Eastern Greyhound,” “Persian Greyhound,” and “Arabian Gazelle Hound.” The name “Saluki” may have derived from
the Syrian town of Seleukia. The Arabian bred variety was a smaller smooth coated dog than those from Persia which had more feathering on the ears legs and tail.

Salukis are sighthounds, hunting by means of keen eyesight and remarkable speed. They come in many colors. Quietly affectionate and bonding closely to their master, they are good with children and good watchdogs too, without being aggressive. Requiring moderate accommodation and some weekly grooming, they make a good family addition.

Dogs: 23 – 28 in. (58 – 71cm).
Bitch: Considerably smaller.
Weight: 35 – 65 lb. (15.9 – 29.5 kg).
Watchdog: Very good.
Other Names: Gazelle Hound,
Persian Greyhound.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 14 years.

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The Spinone – A versatile hunting dog of ancient Italian heritage

The Spinone A versatile hunting dog of ancient Italian heritage

Breed History:

The Spinone Italiano breed, pronounced, Spi-no-nay (singular) and Spinoni pronounced Spi-no-nee (plural) is Italian in origin. There are claims that it existed as a distinct breed over 2000 years ago. It was developed as a pointing dog. There are in existence, 15th and 16th century Italian artworks with dogs resembling the Spinone.

The origin of the breed is in dispute with some claiming that it came from wirehaired Celtic dogs, but others claim it was brought to Italy by Greek trader at the time of the Roman Empire perhaps as long ago as 500 BC.
During World War II, the breed suffered enormous losses, to the point of near extinction.

During the 1950s a concerted effort was made to rejuvenate the breed and to preserve its outstanding hunting abilities. The goal was achieved and they have become wonderful companions, successful show dogs and popular hunting dogs with a renowned trotting gait while working the fields.

The versatile Spinoni point, set and retrieve. Their skin is thick and tough allowing them to work through dense brush and thorns flushing small game. Since its introduction to Britain, the popularity of the breed has grown rapidly.

It received full recognition by the Kennel Club in 1994. Spinone fanciers are determined that the breed will not lose its versatile hunting dog skills as its popularity increases. The breed was rather slow to catch on in North America. The Spinone Club of America and the Club Italian Spinone, U.S.A. were both formed in the late 1980s. The breed was recognized by the AKC in 2000. They compete in the sporting dog group.

Male: 23.5 – 27.5 in. (59.6 – 69.8 cm).
Weight Male: 71 – 82 lbs. (32.3 – 37.3 kg).
Female: 22.5 – 25.5 in. (57.1 – 64.7 cm).
Weight Female: 62 – 71 lbs. (28.2 – 32.3 kg).
With other animals: Very good.
Watchdog: Very good.
Other Names: Italian Spinone; Italian Griffon
Life Expectancy: 12 – 14 years.

This large dog breed is a very keen hunting dog. Devoted, tolerant, friendly, the Spinone is known to be excellent with children. It is a very sociable, good natured breed, good with other dogs and pets. It prefers to live indoors with the family. It is intelligent, sensible in behavior when mature, and develops a good sense of humor.

It is less rambunctious and easier going than most pointing breeds. An exuberant Spinone puppy however, should not be left alone as it can be rather destructive. Spinoni need daily exercise, long walks or off leash runs. Its coat needs a good brushing once a week and maybe some hand stripping around the face and feet for appearance sake.

One of the major health concerns is hip dysplasia, so when searching for a Spinone puppy, be sure to deal with a breeder who only breeds OFA or PennHip certified clear stock. Like most breeds, with large pendulous ears, the Spinone is also susceptible to ear infections.

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The Weimaraner, an All-Purpose Sporting Dog

The Weimaraner an All Purpose Sporting Dog

Breed History:

The Weimaraner was developed in Germany in the early 19th Century as an all around keen-scented hunting dog, to track deer, to hunt bear and wild boar. The Bloodhound is thought to have been an ancestor, as were other indigenous German hunting breeds of that era. It was known as the Weimaraner Vortshund, (Weimaraner Pointer).

It was often used to hunt big-game, such as the wolf, and bear. Later on, they were used as bird dogs and retrievers, working well in water. Where the mouse-gray color came from, remains a conundrum, but it was a distinguishing characteristic of the early Weimaraner breed as it still is today.

The welfare and development of the early Weimaraner breed was in the hands of amateur sportsmen, members of the German Weimaraner club (formed in 1897) and non-members were not allowed to buy one without first becoming a member.

Non-member dogs could not be registered. An American sportsman, Howard Knight, became a member in 1929, and was allowed to bring a pair back to the US where he was later, instrumental in founding the Weimaraner Club of America. The breed was recognized by the AKC in 1943.

Dog: 25 to 27 in. (64 – 69 cm) at withers.
Bitch: 23 to 25 in. (58 – 64 cm) at withers.
Weight: 70 – 85 lb. (31.8 – 38.6 kg).
Protection: Very good.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Exercise: Needs a lot.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 14 years.

The Weimaraner is medium size dog with a short, smooth, sleek coat, solid in color and distinctive shades of mouse-gray to silver-gray. His docked tail is always carried in a manner which expresses his self confidence and a sound temperament.

The Weimaraner dog has adapted well to family living, preferring to be indoors with its owners. It is keen, fearless, friendly, good with children, protective, excellent watchdog, blessed with intelligence and a willingness to learn, excelling at obedience.

It is truly distinctive and a delightful addition to the right family who is prepared to give the dog lots of exercise and top quality food.Their sleek coat is fairly easy to maintain with some periodic brushing to rid it of dead hairs. As with many breeds, it is advised to give a Weimaraner puppy formal obedience training.

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Wirehaired Pointing Griffon “Tremendous Willingness To Please”

Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

Breed History:

Because of extra hair on their faces, and their wiry coats, these dogs were called Griffons, which in ancient mythology were fierce creatures, half lion, and half eagle. The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon is Dutch in origin, but is regarded mainly as French as most of the development took place in France. The Griffon was bred to be keen of nose, a good swimmer, a pointer, and retriever who could work rough terrain with his wiry double coat as protection. It’s an excellent choice for a hunting dog.

A Wirehaired Pointing Griffon is a medium size dog, very intelligent and easily trained. They make excellent family pets and get along very well with children and other animals such as dogs and cats, if properly socialized when puppies. They are friendly, affectionate, vigilant and brave, and are naturally good watchdogs, easily recognizing and resolving a threatening situation. Griffons are highly active and need lots of exercise. They shed a little and should be groomed a couple of times a week.

Dog: 22 – 24 in. (56 – 61 cm) at withers.
Bitch: 20 – 22 in. (51 – 56 cm) at withers.
Weight: 50 – 60 lb. (22.7 – 27.3 kg).
Watchdog: Excellent.
Protection: Good.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 14 years.

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Anatolian Shepherd Dog “Naturally Protective Nature”

Anatolian Shepherd Dog

Breed History:

The Anatolian Shepherd originated in Turkey many centuries ago. He is one of several large guarding breeds from that country. He has been put to use in combat duty, as well as for hunting big game. Today, however they are used as working dogs, to guard the flocks. The Anatolians have not only strength, but swiftness as well, and can dispatch any wolf foolish enough to threaten his flock.

Anatolians are alert, intelligent, calm and instinctively protective. They are courageous, loyal and highly adaptive, suspicious of strangers, and rather territorial. His body is rugged, powerful and impressive, possessing great strength, endurance, agility, and balance for his large size. They are responsive to their masters, but due to an independent nature, can be slow to respond to commands.

Dog: From 29 in. (74 cm) at withers.
Weight: 110 – 150 lb. (50 – 68 kg). nbsp;
Bitch: From 27 in. (68.6 cm) at withers.
Weight: 80 – 120 lb. (36 – 55 kg).
Watchdog: Excellent.
Protection: Excellent.
Other Names: Karabash dog; Goban Kopegi or
Anatolian Karabash Dogs.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 13 years.

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The Giant Schnauzer “Noted For His Versatility”

The Giant Schnauzer

Breed History:

The Giant Schnauzer, at one time was called the Munich Schnauzer, is the largest by far, of the three Schnauzers. It was not bred for a specific purpose, but for versatility. Over the years it has proved himself as a
drover’s dog, a brewery guard, a cart dog, a herding dog and a superlative police dog.

The Giant Schnauzer is a robust, more heavy-set than slender dog. It is square in build, and resembles a larger more powerful version of the Standard Schnauzer. The alert, spirited, sound, reliable temperament, rugged build, and dense, weather-resistant wiry coat make
for one of the most useful, powerful and enduring working dogs.

The good looking Giant Schnauzer sports a beard. Its coat is wiry and double, and it comes in black, or pepper-and-salt. It should be stripped to maintain texture. The Giant Schnauzer is very intelligent and does well in
obedience. It is alert, spirited, reliable and amiable, not shy, and never vicious, but is a commanding figure when aroused. It makes a good family dog for the country or suburbs where it can get lots of exercise.

Dog: 25½ – 27½ in. (65 – 70 cm) at withers.
Bitch: 23½ – 25½ in. (60 – 65 cm) at withers.
The medium heights are preferred.
Weight: 65 – 90 lb. (29½ – 41 kg).
Protection: Excellent.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 12 years.

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Great Dane dogs – A giant dog breed

Great Dane dog

Breed History:

The Great Dane or Deutsche Dogge (German Mastiff) was developed in Germany not Denmark.  It is a very old breed which has been a distinct type for probably more than 400 years.  The German nobility wanted a super dog to protect their country estates and hunt the very dangerous, savage, and swift wild boar.  In 1880 the Germans banned the name “Great Dane” in favor of “Deutsche Dogge” but English speaking people have always ignored this name.
Early Great Danes were a bad tempered lot.  It was the Americans who have been credited with changing the Great Dane into the dependable, even-tempered breed it is today.
They are very popular family pets and watchdogs, intelligent, spirited, courageous, always friendly, never timid or agressive.  They come in several colors, Brindle, Fawn, Blue, Black and the Harlequin Great Dane.  They tend to bond with the entire family, and are rated excellent with children.
Dog:  32 in. or more (81cm +) preferable height.
Bitch:  30 in. or more (76cm +) preferable height.
Weight:  100 – 120 lb. (45.5 – 54.5 kg).
Activity Level:  Moderate.
Affection Level:  Very affectionate.
Playfulness:  A bit playful.
Exercise Needs:  Moderate daily exercise.
Grooming:   Minimal.
Trainability:  Good.
With Other Dogs:  Usually friendly.
With Other Pets:  Usually friendly.
With strangers:  Very friendly.
With children:  Excellent.
Protection:  Good.
Watchdog:  Very good.
Other Names:  Deutsche Dogge; German Mastiff
Cold weather tolerance:  Not very good.
Hot weather tolerance:  Not very good.
Life Expectancy:  6 – 8 years.

Great Dane Temperament:

The Great Dane is strong-willed, fearless, affable and trustworthy. It is usually good with kids, but with its boisterous outgoing advances, can be overpowering for small children. It is usually friendly with regard to family dogs and pets. Of course, as with all large dogs, supervision is mandatory. A well taught Great Dane makes an enjoyable, mannerly household companion.


The Great Dane is majestic in looks and merges great size and command with style. It is square proportioned and well poised. Square means, it is as high at the withers, as it is long in the body. Its pace is strong and formidable with long, easygoing strides. These characteristics are essential in a dog required to catch and then subdue rather fast and challenging prey. Its coat is short, dense and shiny. The Great Dane is most remarkable for its stunning presence and facade. It is important to note that inspite of its appearance, this large size dog or giant size dog is not an outdoors dog. It needs to be kept inside with its folks. It is acknowledged to be the Apollo of dogs.

Finding other breeders:

Do you want more information on this large dog breed, the Great Dane, and Great Dane breeders who have Great Dane puppies for sale?  See the Great Dane breeders section. If there are no breeders nearby with available puppies, see the Canadian Great Dane dog club, Great Dane rescue. See also the American Great Dane club or American Great Dane rescue, for other Great Dane breeders with puppies.

Great Dane Health Issues:

There can be some serious problems with elbow dysplasia and hip dysplasia in this breed, so it is wise to choose your Great Dane puppy from a breeder who tests for this. Feeding your Great Dane puppy the proper food for big boned breeds is also very important. There are other important health problems with the Great Dane, such as, cardiomyopathy and the deadly gastric torsion, which is all too common in deep chested breeds. Good eating habits, such as several smaller meals instead of fewer large size servings is mandatory, followed by a good rest before any strenuous exercise or play. This is a necessity to avoid gastric torsion, which can be, and often is, deadly. Great Dane breeders should be testing their breed stock for heart, elbows, hips, eyes and blood before breeding.

Great Dane Specific Health Issues:

Great Dane major concerns:   Gastric Torsion, cardiomyopathy, osteosarcoma.
Minor concerns:   CHD; (Canine hip dysplasia is characterized by a loose and unstable hip joint giving rise to arthritis lameness and pain.)   Cataracts; (same as in humans.).   CVI (Wobbler’s syndrome).   OCD (Osteochondritis dissecans),   Hypothyroidism.
Occasionally seen:   vWD, (Von Willebrand’s disease is the most common inherited bleeding disorder of both man and animals. Blood platelets clotting.), Entropion.

Great Dane Suggested Tests:

All breeding stock should be tested, prior to breeding, for the following:
Cardiac, hips, eyes, thyroid.

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Great Pyrenees “Fearless Loyal Devotion”

Great Pyrenees

Breed History:

The Great Pyrenees dog, known in England and on the Continent, as the “Pyrenean Mountain Dog” is one of the most ancient purebred breeds, dating way back to the Bronze Age, between 1800 and 1000 BCE.

Puppies taken back to France during the reign of Louis XIV, became such a big hit with the nobility, they were designated the official court dogs. The Pyrs earned a reputation, not only as very loyal companions, and pets, but
also as devoted shepherds and faithful guardians of sheep. Armed with a wide spiked metal collar, for protection, they vanquished wolves and bears alike, on the slopes of the Pyrenean mountains on the Franco-Spanish border.

The Great Pyrenees is distinctive and elegant and combines great overall size and majesty. Although it is somewhat reserved, it is attentive, confident, gentle and affectionate with its family or flock, and is territorial
and protective when necessary. As with most breeds, a Great Pyrenees puppy should be well socialized to bring out its best qualities.

Dog: 27-32 in. (68-81 cm) at withers.
Weight: 100-125 lb. (45.4-56.8 kg).
Bitch: 25-29 in. (63-74 cm) at withers.
Weight: 90-115 lb. (40-52 kg).
Protection: Very Good.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 10 to 12 years.

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The Greyhound “One of the Swiftest Dogs”

The Greyhound

Breed History:

The Greyhound dog is one of the fastest in the world and one of the oldest too. The breed pre-dates Christianity by several millennia depending on which historian’s theories you choose to believe. Ancient traders, or visiting noblemen, took the Greyhound away from its native land, perhaps Egypt,
or Greece, to the Orient, Europe and Britain and used it there as objects of barter or as gifts.

Everywhere the Greyhound was taken, it became popular as a sporting dog of the gazehound and scenting type, hunting by sight and by nose. Its quarry was the deer, gazelle, hare and foxes by sight, and the wild boar by scent. During the reign of Elizabeth I (1558-1603), the Greyhound was used in the new popular sport of hare coursing.

In 1876 the vastly more popular sport of Greyhound racing began and soon, it spread to Australia and the US where the Greyhound had already been established for far more than a century. The invention of the mechanical hare in 1912, added even more interest in the breed.

Alert, responsive and somewhat sensitive, Greyhounds are good with children and bond well. They need a larger home, lots of daily outdoor exercise, and should be groomed once a week. Greyhounds are very friendly and adapt well, so adopting an adult dog, retired from racing, or rescuing a Greyhound, is an superb way of getting one of these superior, clean, good-natured family pets.

Dog – Height: Up to 30 in. (76 cm) at shoulder.
Dog – Weight: 65-70 lb. (29.5-31.8 kg)
Bitch – Height: Somewhat smaller.
Bitch – Weight: 60-65 lb. (27-29.5 kg)
General symmetry and quality is most important.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 13 years.

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The Irish Wolfhound “Pre-dating the Christian Era”

The Irish Wolfhound

Breed History:

This giant dog breed was held in such high esteem that for a long time, its ownership was restricted to kings, nobles and poets. The dog’s great prowess as a hunter of the immense Irish elk, wolves, and wild boar are legend. When the numbers of large game fell however, the Irish Wolfhounds nearly disappeared.

In 1862, a Scottish officer, in the British army, named Captain George A. Graham endeavored to collect what few remaining specimens he could find and over the next 20 plus years of selective breeding, tried to restore the breed.

In 1885, Captain Graham guided the writing of the first breed standard. While early attempts were not wholly favorable, by the end of the century both size and type had been restored.

The Irish Wolfhound is a rough coated Greyhound-like breed, the tallest of the coursing hounds and remarkable in combining power and swiftness. Having great intelligence, this dog breed is highly trainable, considered very gentle, and excellent with children.

Although very courageous, they are so gentle natured, much too friendly and non-aggressive to be considered excellent as watchdogs or guard dogs. The Irish Wolfhound needs large accommodation and lots of exercise, with plenty of room to run, several times per day.

They are average in shedding and so should be  groomed about once a week. They make a wonderful family addition and thrive best on human companionship.

Dog – Min. Height at withers: 32 in. (81.3 cm)
Dog – Min. Weight: 120 lb. (54.5 kg)
Bitch – Min. Height at withers: 30 in. (76 cm)
Bitch – Min. Weight: 105 lb. (47.7 kg)
Applies to specimens over 18 months old.
Average Height: 32 – 34 in. (81.3 – 86.4 cm)

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The Komondor Dog “King of the Working Dogs”

The Komondor Dog

Breed History:

The Komondor (plural is Komondorok) is the largest of the Hungarian breeds. Historians believe that nomadic people called Magyars brought their Komondor dogs with them when they settled in what is now called Hungary, in the late 9th century. It is related to the Russian herding dog, the Afscharka, and perhaps the Puli. This very large dog, with its distinctive white coat, hanging to the ground in ribbon-like cords, has a reputation as a trustworthy guardian, not to be trifled with by man nor beast.

The Komondor is characterized by imposing strength, courageous demeanor and a most pleasing conformation. In general, he is a huge muscular dog with plenty of bone and substance. Because of his traits of devotion to master and fearless protection, he was used to protect the flocks
rather than driving them, and living for the most part, outdoors, well protected by his warm coat.

Because of his size the Komondor prefers country living with lots of space. Obedience training for puppies is a must with this breed, because of its intense guarding instincts. Grooming is a daily requirement with coat care
a major consideration, requiring a lot of knowing care. Although the breed is stunning in appearance and very intelligent and highly trainable, it is a breed best left to dedicated knowledgeable fanciers.

Dogs: 27.5 (70cm) and up at withers.
Weight: 80 lbs. (36.4 kg) average.
Bitch: 25.5 (65 cm) and up.
Weight: 70 lbs. (31.8 kg) and up.
Larger is better without sacrificing conformation.
Watchdog: Excellent.
Protection: Excellent.
Life Expectancy: 10 – 12 years.

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The Kuvasz Dog “Among the Oldest Breeds”

The Kuvasz Dog

Breed History:

The Kuvasz (plural Kuvaszok) is one of the oldest breeds whose exact origin is unknown, but whose roots, conjecture has it, could possibly trace way back as far as 7000 years. Whatever the origin was, Kuvaszok have been
known in Hungary since at least 1342. Kuvaszok were a favorite among the nobility for protection from the peasants. King Matthias (1458-1490) kept them as guard dogs in his palace and bred large packs of them for hunting. Earlier Kuvaszok were very much larger, taller and more formidable than today’s specimens.

The Hungarian Kuvasz is a working dog and very sturdily built, white in color, without markings. It has a great affinity for the sheep it protects so diligently. Its double coat of medium coarse texture is its protection from
inclement weather conditions. It is a very spirited dog of sharp intelligence, courage, and curiosity, yet is sensitive to praise or blame. A Kuvasz puppy of course is adorable and cuddly, but soon, like the adult Kuvaszok, being active, need lots of space for their exercise. They possess strong instincts for protection and watchdog duties, and are aloof, and wary of strangers, but polite to accepted strangers. Daily grooming helps control the shedding.
The Kuvasz is a big dog breed.

Dog: 28 – 30 in. (71 – 76 cm) at the withers.
Dog Weight: 100 – 115 lb. (45 – 52 kg).
Bitch: 26 – 28 in. (66 – 71 cm) at withers.
Bitch Weight: 70 – 90 lb. (32 – 41 kg).
Watchdog: Excellent.
Protection: Excellent.
Other Name: Hungarian Kuvasz.
Life Expectancy: 9 – 12 years

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The Mastiff – Grandeur and Dignity

The Mastiff - Grandeur and Dignity

Breed History:

In English speaking countries, the Mastiff dog is more properly described as the “Old English Mastiff” It is a giant short-haired dog with heavy head, short dark muzzle, and symmetrically built. Mastiff breed types were originally brought to the British Isles by the Romans who had been using them for centuries, as fierce war dogs, pugnacious fighters.

For the past two thousand years, the Old English Mastiff has been bred there as a watch dog, and for protection, from human intruders, and from preditor wolves. Mastiffs were used as fighting dogs in the pits, and for bull baiting, a very popular blood sport. Finally these activities were banned in England in 1835, but not widely obeyed for more than a couple of decades later.

Since those bloody days, the Mastiff breeders have been breeding them as reliable family dogs, devoted, tame and obedient. The Mastiff breed was nearly decimated during World War II, but fortunately many had already been taken to America where their immense popularity has ensured survival.

Dog: minimum 30 in. (76 cm) at the shoulder.
Bitch: minimum 27½ in. (70 cm).
Watchdog: Excellent.
Protection: Very good.
Other names: English Mastiff. Old English Mastiff
Life Expectancy: 8 – 10 years.

The English Mastiff is a combination of grandeur and good nature, courage and docility. It is a noble breed, loyal and loving. Dignity rather than gaiety, is the Mastiff’s correct demeanor. Shyness or viciousness is never condoned. It does shed a bit, but a good vigorous brushing is all the grooming its short, dense coat requires.

A Mastiff puppy will soon bond to the whole family, adore the children, and become a great companion. Because of their immense size however, special care must be exercised in raising a Mastiff puppy. The correct food for giant breeds is very important, and over-feeding is just as wrong as under-feeding them.

Slow steady growth is desired for healthy bone and joint development, rather than rapid growth. Hip dysplasia and gastric torsion is a concern in the giant breeds, like the Old English Mastiff.

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Newfoundland dog – A giant dog breed

Newfoundland dog

Breed History:

The Newfoundland originated in the island bearing his name, but his ancestry is, and will always be, uncertain. There are those who say he descended from centuries of mating the indigenous dogs to the Viking Bear dogs brought by the Vikings. Then another faction say that the Great Pyrenees brought to the island in the summer months, by Basque fishermen played an important part in their development. Taken to England in the 19th century, the Newfoundland dog became a popular status symbol. The traditional color is black, but in England, the Landseer dog, a white and black variety was developed, named after Sir Edwin Landseer who featured the variety in his famous painting, “A Distinguished Member of the Humane Society”. This two colored Newfoundland dog is known as the “Landseer” variety. Today, most of the pedigreed Newfoundland dogs, even those from their native island, trace their ancestry back to British dogs.
Dog Height:  28 in. (71 cm) on average.
Dog Weight:  130 – 150 lb. (59 – 68 kg) range.
Bitch Height:  26 in. (66 cm) on average.
Bitch Weight:  100 – 120 lb. (45 – 55 kg) range.
Affection Level:  Very affectionate.
Other Pets:  Very friendly.
Watchdog:  Good.
Protection:  Very good.
Cold & Heat Tolerance:  Excellent & Low.
Life Expectancy:  8 – 10 years.


The Newfoundland dog has several qualities which enable the breed to achieve its tasks. It has big webbed feet, and is very muscular and powerful. Its long dense coat provides lots of insulation for working in the icy waters off shore. It is an excellent swimmer and possesses strong life-saving instincts. There have been many cases authenticated, of these big dogs saving drowning people, many of them children. They were also known to have carried lifelines to men in floundering boats thus saving them. The dog was also used as a true working dog, pulling cars with heavy loads over the marshy fields. Today, in North America, the Newf is kept mainly as a family pet. If one wishes, there are harnesses available at pet supply stores, and training books for cart pulling. There are also AKC and CKC competition events, especially suited for this breed, “Draft Dog Tests” and “Water Rescue Tests”.


The Newfie is a devoted companion and family dog with a very sweet temperament. Sweetness of temperament is the hallmark of the Newfoundland. It is by far the most important characteristic of the breed. Bad temperament is not to be tolerated. It is a disqualification. The Newf has a particular liking for children and because of his size and strength, can tolerate a lot of rough play. A Newfoundland puppy is a good choice for a family with children. Although a quiet dog by nature, its size is enough to keep at bay, anyone with evil intent. The breed gives never-ending devotion, constant protection and is totally involved with its family. Owners will have to accept a certain amount of drooling and messy waterbowls. The Newf prefers cooler weather, the outdoors and country living.

Health Concerns

The Newfoundland dog does have some Health Problems and therefore it is important to buy your puppy from a trustworthy breeder, one who always has their breed stock tested “clear” for various genetic concerns before breeding. Only by careful breeding from genetically sound stock, is the chance of a serious problem lessened. We suggest that you start your search with the breed clubs. Most clubs have a code of ethics and while it doesn’t guarantee a perfect Newfoundland dog puppy, it’s better than dealing with breeders who don’t know or care about such matters. The Newfoundland puppy is a very fast growing pup and therefore has special needs with respect to vitamins, bone and muscle development. Proper food for giant breeds is essential. Rapid growth is not a friend to big boned dogs.
Note: Some Newfoundland dogs are sensitive to anesthesia. Also, they do not tolerate heat well.

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The Scottish Deerhound “The Royal Dog of Scotland”

The Scottish Deerhound

Breed History:

The Scottish Deerhound was once known as the “Royal Dog of Scotland”. The laws of those early days prohibited the ownership of Deerhounds for people under the rank of earl. This law was, without doubt, to preserve the sport of “deer driving” for the nobility. This aristocratic dog breed was known by many names, some of which include, the
“Scotch Greyhound”, also the “Highland Greyhound, and the “Highland Deerhound”. These names offer us an insight to the breed’s origins. The advent of modern firearms, and the demise of the clan system, in 1745, depleted their numbers seriously until the early 19th century. Lord Colonsay, a fancier took up their cause and effected a deerstalking revival. Queen Victoria became a patron and the well known Sir Walter Scott described his Deerhound as “a most perfect creature of heaven.” Thereafter their numbers grew.

As a companion and family dog, the Scottish Deerhound is ideal. It is friendly with children, very loyal and bonds to the whole family. Deerhounds thrive best when kept indoors with their owners. Although very large, they are always calm and composed, not aggressive, but courageous when needed. Their harsh wiry coat sheds a bit and needs grooming about once a week. They require lots of daily exercise. They are too amicable to be considered good watchdogs.

Dog – Height at withers: 30 – 32+ in. (76 – 81+ cm)
Dog – Weight: 85 – 110 lb. (38.6 – 50 kg)
Bitch – Height at withers: 28+ in. (71+ cm)
Bitch – Weight: 75 – 95 lb. (34 – 43 kg)
Symmetry without coarseness is important.
Life Expectancy: 8 – 11 years.

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Saint Bernards

Saint Bernards

Breed History:

During the first two centuries AD, Roman invaders crossed the high and dangerous mountain pass between Switzerland and Italy bringing with them huge powerfully built Asian Molosser dogs. These large dogs, Mastiff like, were bred to local Swiss valley dogs, a mixture of native specimens, Senna hounds, Bloodhounds, and maybe the Great Dane.
The offspring were used on the farms in the valleys for guarding, herding and drafting chores. In 1050 AD the Archdeacon Bernard de Menthon established his legendary Hospice high in the Swiss Alps as a shelter for travelers crossing the dangerous Jural Mountains. Documents verify that those valley dogs were first bred at this Hospice in the mid 17th century.
Isolation at the Hospice necessitated close in-breeding and line-breeding and the resultant dogs were huge, strong, short coated and possessed a mysterious, almost supernatural sense of direction and the ability of finding avalanche victims buried deeply in the snow. Over the centuries, Hospice dogs have been credited with saving more than 2000 lives.
The most famous was a dog named Barry, and he is credited with saving 40 people during the period 1800 to 1810. The Hospice kennels in 1856 suffered doubly, from an avalanche disaster and a distemper epidemic, but the surviving stock was out-crossed to various breeds and the line was saved from extinction.
Dog: 27½ in. (70 cm) minimum at shoulder.
Bitch: 25½ in. (65 cm) minimum at shoulder.
Weight:  120 – 200 lb. (54.5 – 90.9 kg).
Living space:  Large house.
Activity Level:  Moderate.
Exercise Needs:  Moderate.
Playfulness:  Moderately high.
Affection:  Very affectionate.
Shedding:  A lot.
Grooming:   3 times per week.
Trainability:  Average.
Bonds:  To the whole family.
With children:  Excellent.
With Other Dogs:  Quite good.
With Other Pets:  Very good.
With strangers:  Quite good.
Protection:  Rather low.
Watchdog:  Good.
Function:  Companion
Other Names:  Alpine Mastiff.
Life Expectancy: 8 – 10 years.
Quite often, a longer coated puppy was born in a litter, but the monks at the Hospice knew from experience that snow would ball up in their feet rendering them unsuitable for rescue work and so these longhaired pups were given away to people living in the valleys. Over the many decades these longer coated dogs were bred together which stabilized the longhaired variety. Both varieties continued to be bred in the valleys during the last half of the 1800s and the breed spread across Europe and to Great Britain in 1887. The selected title for the breed took quite some time in becoming established, but finally, in 1880, the designation, St. Bernard was recognized as the official name. In 1887, at an International Congress in Zurich, an international standard for the St. Bernard was created. The St. Bernard Club of America was formed in 1888, adopting that international standard. The Stud Book of the Canadian Kennel Club notes 249 registrations for St. Bernards in 1888 – 1889.


The immense head of the St. Bernard is its trademark, trustworthy and intelligent looking. The smooth coated Saint Bernard has a short coat, very dense, lying smooth, but not rough to the touch. The longhaired type resembles the shorthaired type, except that the hair is of medium length, natural to slightly wavy, but not disheveled. This breed sheds quite a lot, especially in the shedding season, which will call for more than the usual once a week brushing.


The likeable, sociable Saint Bernard is a laid-back, composed dog, very even-tempered and tolerant of children, but perhaps not as playful as some children might like. A Saint Bernard bonds to, and is faithful to the whole family not just to one person. They are very affectionate and expect, and thrive on, attention in return. They tolerate other pets well and are reasonably friendly towards other dogs.

Caring for a puppy

Anyone thinking of buying a St. Bernard puppy, should have lots of living space and room to exercise it daily. Proper diet is very important, crucial in fact, for raising a Saint Bernard puppy because of the huge, all-too-fast growing bones, and joints. A new puppy owner should follow the breeder’s advice on feeding a young puppy. An overweight puppy, or a puppy that grows too fast, will undoubtedly develop hip problems, or hip dysplasia. It should be noted, that this breed has large flews, large droopy flaps of skin on the upper muzzle, and because of this, they drool quite a bit, and therefore perhaps not suitable for a house-proud owner.

St Bernard Health Issues:

GSP Major concerns:   CHD, (This is the acronym for Canine Hip Dysplasia); Gastric Torsion, (A twisting of the stomach, after gastric distention, occurs. This is a life threatening problem. Immediate Veterinarian help is required!); Entropion, (This is the turning inward, of all, or part of an eyelid, such that the eyelashes come into contact with the corneal, and conjunctival surfaces of the eye. It causes corneal irritation, and potentially more severe damage to the affected eyes.); Ectropion, , (This is a defect of conformation, in which there is a sagging, or rolling-out, (eversion) of the eyelids. This results in abnormal exposure of the eye, which often leads to irritation.); Elbow Dysplasia, (Elbow Dysplasia occurs when the cartilage or the structure around the joint develops abnormally. These abnormalities affect the dog’s gait, which in turn, make the problems worse.); Osteosacoma, ( This is malignant bone cancer. Unfortunately, it is all too common in large and giant breeds.)
Minor concerns:   OCD, (Osteochondritis dissecans, commonly known as OCD, is a disease of the cartilage that can affect various joints in a dog.) Diabetes; (is caused by a deficiency of the hormone insulin which is produced in the islet cells of the pancreas, and is normally responsible for controlling glucose levels in the blood. Cardiomyopathy, (Dilated cardiomyopathy means that the heart muscle, especially the thick muscle wall of the left ventricle, becomes much thinner than normal. The pressure of the blood inside the heart then allows this thinned wall to stretch, resulting in a much larger left ventricular chamber.); CVI, Cervical Vertebral Instability or simply, “Wobbler’s syndrome”) ; Hot Spots, (Hot Spots are localized skin infections in dogs, that are usually caused by a bacterium.)
Occasionally seen:   Distichiasis, ( This is an eye disease in dogs in which eyelashes grow on the edges of the eyelids and these abnormal eyelids cause irritations to the eye itself, resulting in corneal ulcers, and conjunctivitis

GSP Suggested Tests:

All breeding stock should be tested, prior to breeding, for the following: Hips, Elbows, Eyes, and Cardiac.

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While doing your research:

While doing your homework searching and reading the related guidelines for choosing the right breed, finding great family dog breeds, good with children, you can see beautiful champion show dog pictures, in show condition, and many pictures of puppies too. They are on the breed pages and in the dog breeders sections, where you can locate available puppies, and sometimes adult dogs for sale.

Not to be forgotten when selecting your ideal family pet, is long term care. You should be aware of dog health issues, or health problems. Some choices of very large dogs and some medium sized dogs require special puppy foods for a slower, sounder development of their skeletons. You need to have a veterinarian for annual check- ups and for vaccinations to prevent infectious diseases, prevalent in all unprotected canines.

There are frequently unexpected costs and related considerations. There is a plethora of helpful canine guides, both books and web pages on these and other dog topics. Don’t miss the dog clubs, and dog rescue sections. A Second Chance dog, or Rescue Dog from an animal shelter makes a wonderful choice for the family, and saves a life. We hope you enjoy the more than 1000 selected pages here on, for your learning how to find great family dog breeds.

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